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simultaneous infection by separate pathogens, as by hepatitis B and hepatitis D viruses.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
The simultaneous presence of 2 or more infections, which may increase the severity and duration of one or both
Examples Babesiosis/Lyme disease; syphilis/HIV
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


The simultaneous presence of 2 or more infections, which may ↑ disease severity and duration
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Concurrent infection by two or more pathogens.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


Invasion of the body by two viruses at about the same time.
Mentioned in: Hepatitis D
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Issues with the current mainstream genotyping methods include their limited accuracy in subtyping calls and their inability to detect coinfection, which is estimated to be present in 2% to 7% of patients.
Battegay et al., "Incidence and risk factors for chronic elevation of alanine aminotransferase levels in HIV-infected persons without hepatitis B or C virus coinfection," Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.
The remaining 6 coinfections were detected once and were due to unique combination of respiratory viruses (Table 3).
A profound impact in both hepatitis and HIV diseases' progression has been attributed to the coinfections. Rapid deterioration to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with an increased mortality is a major consequence of HIV infection in chronic hepatitis B [4].
A cross-sectional study was carried out at Metema hospital to determine VL-malaria coinfection among all clinically suspected VL patients.
"Research on coinfections acquired from Ixodes scapularis has just begun."
HIV and viral hepatitis coinfections: advances and challenges.
To meet the objectives of this review, Internet search engines including PubMed, Medline, Ovid, Google[R], Google Scholar[R] and Cochrane were queried with the key words as medical subject headings to identify peer-reviewed scientific articles on newly emerging tick-transmitted infectious diseases and tick-transmitted coinfections in the U.S.
Perhaps nothing more aptly represents the dichotomy between conventional "evidence-based medicine" and naturopathic medicine than the dilemma of diagnosing Lyme disease and its coinfections. Conventional medicine remains entrenched in a simple diagnostic entity, an acute infection brought about by a tick bite, leading to infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, diagnosed with a simple ELISA assay, and treated with an antibiotic for a period of 2 weeks.
Of the 1,027 unique individuals represented in the dataset, 934 appeared once only, while 93 (9%) had repeat entries (either single infections or coinfections with gonorrhea and chlamydia).
Although coinfections with scrub typhus, dengue and malaria have been reported, these are still not very common (5-6).
HTLV-I is one of the viruses with an incubation period of 10 to 40 years and in most of the patients, it has no manifestation during their lifetime, thus, patients in endemic areas with high risk behaviors are prone to coinfections with FIIV-I (10).