fractionation

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fractionation

 [frak″shun-a´shun]
1. in radiology, division of the total dose of radiation into small doses given at intervals.
2. in chemistry, separation of a substance into components, as by distillation or crystallization.
3. in histology, isolation of components of living cells by differential centrifugation.

frac·tion·a·tion

(frak'shŭn-ā'shŭn),
1. To separate components of a mixture.
2. The administration of a course of therapeutic radiation of a neoplasm in a planned series of fractions of the total dose, most often once a day for several weeks, in order to minimize radiation damage of contiguous normal tissues.

fractionation

(frăk′shə-nā′shən)
n.
1. The process of dividing or separating into parts; breaking up.
2. The division of a total therapeutic dose of radiation into small doses to be administered over a period of days or weeks.
3. The separation of a chemical compound into components, as by distillation.

fractionation

Radiation oncology The parceling of a dose of radiation over time. See Accelerated fractionation, Hyperfractionation, Radiation therpy.

frac·tion·a·tion

(frakshŭn-āshŭn)
1. Separation of the components of a mixture into its basic constituents.
2. The administration of a course of therapeutic radiation in a planned series of fractions of the total dose, most often once a day for several weeks, to minimize radiation damage of contiguous normal tissues.

Fractionation

A laboratory test or process in which blood or another fluid is broken down into its components. Fractionation can be used to assess the proportions of the different types of cholesterol in a blood sample.

frac·tion·a·tion

(frakshŭn-āshŭn)
1. Separation of the components of a mixture into its basic constituents.
2. The administration of a course of therapeutic radiation of a neoplasm in a planned series of fractions of the total dose, most often once a day for several weeks, to minimize radiation damage.