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Contemporary moral philosophers, clinicians, and medical historians discuss ethical questions related to people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, autism, and Alzheimer's disease, and look at how cognitive disability forces us to reexamine the concept of personhood.
For a child with a severe cognitive disability, determining the appropriateness of cosmetic surgery based solely on who gets the psychosocial benefits is problematic.
Slightly more than 40% of the distribution center's employees have autism, mental retardation or some other form of physical or cognitive disability.
In all 16 states, the student's IEP team decides whether a student with a significant cognitive disability will participate in an alternate assessment.
In Pennsylvania, for example, candidates for housing must prove they have a cognitive disability before the age of 21.
As a result, a career trajectory for an employee with a severe cognitive disability may include a succession of short-term employment situations that positively contribute to the employee's existing job skills and professional portfolio (Pierce et al.; Pumpian et al., 1997).
In my role as a social worker on the Neurosurgery Service of a major trauma center and as a parent of a severely disabled 12-year-old daughter with severe cognitive disability, I have had to confront ethical conflicts regarding cognitive disability almost daily.
Under the new standard, schools can give special exams to students with a "significant cognitive disability." Up to 1 percent of each school's students--or about 10 percent of its special-education pupils who successfully complete the special assessments can be counted in the overall testing group that scores at proficient or higher levels.
To the parents of a child with a cognitive disability, it may mean learning to say "hello" or "Can I play with you?" to nondisabled peers.
Greater than one third of the respondents perceived some degree of cognitive disability. Of those who perceived cognitive symptoms, 38% reported significant cognitive difficulties, 23% reported difficulties in retrospective memory, while 18% reported difficulties with prospective memory.
Children in Stage 2 of recovery process often show intolerance for stimulation, with a denial of cognitive disability and with increasing behavioral demands placed upon the teachers and caregivers.

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