developmental disability

(redirected from Cognitive disability)
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1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

developmental disability

A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
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References in periodicals archive ?
Contemporary moral philosophers, clinicians, and medical historians discuss ethical questions related to people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, autism, and Alzheimer's disease, and look at how cognitive disability forces us to reexamine the concept of personhood.
For a child with a severe cognitive disability, determining the appropriateness of cosmetic surgery based solely on who gets the psychosocial benefits is problematic.
Slightly more than 40% of the distribution center's employees have autism, mental retardation or some other form of physical or cognitive disability.
In all 16 states, the student's IEP team decides whether a student with a significant cognitive disability will participate in an alternate assessment.
In Pennsylvania, for example, candidates for housing must prove they have a cognitive disability before the age of 21.
As a result, a career trajectory for an employee with a severe cognitive disability may include a succession of short-term employment situations that positively contribute to the employee's existing job skills and professional portfolio (Pierce et al.; Pumpian et al., 1997).
In my role as a social worker on the Neurosurgery Service of a major trauma center and as a parent of a severely disabled 12-year-old daughter with severe cognitive disability, I have had to confront ethical conflicts regarding cognitive disability almost daily.
Under the new standard, schools can give special exams to students with a "significant cognitive disability." Up to 1 percent of each school's students--or about 10 percent of its special-education pupils who successfully complete the special assessments can be counted in the overall testing group that scores at proficient or higher levels.
To the parents of a child with a cognitive disability, it may mean learning to say "hello" or "Can I play with you?" to nondisabled peers.
Greater than one third of the respondents perceived some degree of cognitive disability. Of those who perceived cognitive symptoms, 38% reported significant cognitive difficulties, 23% reported difficulties in retrospective memory, while 18% reported difficulties with prospective memory.
Children in Stage 2 of recovery process often show intolerance for stimulation, with a denial of cognitive disability and with increasing behavioral demands placed upon the teachers and caregivers.

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