developmental disability

(redirected from Cognitive disability)
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1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

developmental disability

A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.

developmental disability (DD)

a pathological condition that starts developing before 18 years of age. Most developmental disabilities persist throughout the individual's life, although many can be effectively treated. See also congenital anomaly.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 1: A Priori Disability Domains and Candidate DD Screening Items A Priori Disability of Interest DD Screening Item Physical Disability Vision Seizures Mobility Fine motor skills Functional Disability Self-preservation Independent living skills items Self-care Daily living skills/house management Money management Community living Leisure and recreation Behavioral Disability Challenging (excess) behavior scales Eating nonnutritive substances (pica) Injurious to self Physically aggressive Verbally/gesturally aggressive Inappropriate sexual behavior Property destruction Runs away Breaks law Temper outbursts Communication Disability Hearing Receptive communication Expressive communication Cognitive Disability ICD-9 codes for level of mental retardation: 317--mild mental retardation, 318.
Repeated measures ANOVA and Schaffe test were used to determine the significance of pattern changes in functional and cognitive disability.
For a child with a severe cognitive disability, determining the appropriateness of cosmetic surgery based solely on who gets the psychosocial benefits is problematic.
significant cognitive disability concurrent with deaf-blindness or cerebral palsy).
Education and rehabilitation systems, however, have not always applied theories and models of typical career development to people with mental retardation even though students with mental retardation can benefit from many of the same activities as students who do not have a cognitive disability, (Pumpian et al.
Can a student with a cognitive disability realistically pursue a master's degree or doctorate?
Traditional evaluations leave many needs unmet for persons with a cognitive disability and their referring counselors.
Instead, the nursing home population rapidly is getting older, more frail, and more subject to severe cognitive disability.
Since 2001, he has held the positions of Associate Vice President of the University of Colorado System, Executive Director of the Coleman Institute and the Coleman-Turner Chair in Cognitive Disability in the Department of Psychiatry in the School of Medicine at the Colorado University Health Sciences Center.
The way mainstream services can better respond to the housing needs of people with mild cognitive disability who may not be eligible for the NDIS was also explored.
Formerly a practicing attorney and university instructor, Gingold is now an outspoken volunteer advocate on multiple sclerosis (MS) and cognitive disability, and an independent author on the topic.
Clearly, the situation is far more complicated when the person who would be directly affected has a profound cognitive disability that thwarts her ability to form, much less articulate, a view about what would promote her flourishing.

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