developmental disability

(redirected from Cognitive disabilities)
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1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

developmental disability

A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
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References in periodicals archive ?
We next consider what is known about access to general education classrooms for students with the most significant cognitive disabilities.
We examined whether path coefficients differ between individuals with cognitive disabilities and those with non-cognitive disabilities through multiple group analyses.
With the goal of assisting his brother and others with cognitive disabilities, paired with an extensive background in supported living, Tom obtained funding from the U.S.
Students with different cognitive disabilities often have reading difficulties caused by visual discrimination, audio processing problems, attention span difficulties, or short-term memory impairments.
There is a danger that the goal of participation in social life and particularly in the employment sector will be limited in individuals with cognitive disabilities and undiagnosed visual impairment.
Children with this syndrome have profound cognitive disabilities, kidney and heart problems, and physical deformities, and they rarely live to be teenagers.
Students with cognitive disabilities often are stressed in new situations, says program manager Sharon Saunders.
This hands-on presentation will demonstrate adaptive computer technologies that transform the lives of older adults regardless of any physical or cognitive disabilities. Through case studies, learn how multimedia technologies are able to benefit individuals with cognitive disabilities and their caregivers, and how technology can be used as a marketing tool, a therapy tool, and a tool to enhance the care plan.
Finally, Hastings and Oakford (2003) found that student teachers possessed more negative attitudes toward students with behavioral and/or emotional problems than toward students with cognitive disabilities. The former were perceived to have a more negative impact on the school and on other students.
Walgreens details positions available at the distribution center and is designed to be accessible by people with sensory, physical and cognitive disabilities.
The Elizabeth Fry Society pointed out that cuts to the social safety net (social programs such as social assistance, health care, and education) have led to the increasing criminalization of the most marginalized in society--including young, Aboriginal and poor women and those with mental and cognitive disabilities.

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