2010) and the Malecot's coefficient of relatedness
(MIRANDA, 2005; MIRANDA et al.
Using 16 microsatellite loci, we estimated the degree of inbreeding of each pair's progeny in three ways: (1) identity (I) or the expected homozygosity of the progeny based on their parents' genotypes estimated using the IDENTIX program, (2) a moment-based estimator of the pair-wise coefficient of relatedness
(W) of each parental pair estimated using the MER program of Wang, and (3) a modified estimator of the pair-wise coefficient of relatedness
(K) designed specifically to accommodate null alleles, which were common in the Dabob Bay population and estimated using the ML-RELATE by Kalinowski.
where r is the kin selection coefficient of relatedness between actor and recipient, B is the reproductive benefit provided to the recipient by the actor's behavior, and C is the reproductive cost to the actor for providing benefits to the recipient.
I show that there exist two different forms of Hamilton's rule, each with its own distinct coefficient of relatedness (Frank, in press a,b).
Estimators for this coefficient of relatedness
for individuals are given in Ritland (1996).
In line with our expectations, the two-gene coefficient of relatedness
was much higher in the meadow habitat than the stream habitat (0.
the accumulated fitness effects of its behavior on the fitness of other individuals weighted by the coefficient of relatedness
longus, is a rare phenomenon in haplodiploid animals (Hamilton 1972), and can be explained here by the high coefficient of relatedness
expected between males and their offspring, owing to the inbreeding that occurs in this species (Saito 1987).
This is because monoandry can be inferred in monogynous species when the coefficient of relatedness
among workers is 0.
In such cases, band-sharing data could be used to distinguish distinct classes of relationship; for example, among Serengeti lions, DNA fingerprinting successfully distinguished between kin with a coefficient of relatedness
r |is greater than or is equal to~ 0.