codon

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Related to Codons: anticodons

codon

 [ko´don]
a series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.

co·don

(kō'don),
A set of three consecutive nucleotides in a strand of DNA or RNA that provides the genetic information to code for a specific amino acid that will be incorporated into a protein chain or serve as a termination signal.
See also: genetic code.
Synonym(s): triplet (3)
[code + -on]

codon

/co·don/ (ko´don) a series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.

codon

(kō′dŏn′)
n.
A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides constituting the genetic code that determines the insertion of a specific amino acid in a polypeptide chain during protein synthesis or the signal to stop protein synthesis.

codon

[kō′don]
a unit of three adjacent nucleotides along a DNA or messenger RNA molecule that designates a specific amino acid to be incorporated into a polypeptide. The order of the codons along the DNA or messenger RNA determines the sequence of the amino acids in the polypeptide. Also called trinucleotide. See also anticodon, genetic code.

co·don

(kō'don)
A set of three consecutive nucleotides in a strand of DNA or RNA that provides the genetic information to code for a specific amino acid that will be incorporated into a protein chain or that serves as a termination signal.
Synonym(s): triplet (3) .
[code + -on]

codon

A sequence of three consecutive nucleotides (a triplet) along a strand of DNA or messenger RNA that specifies a particular AMINO ACID or a stop signal during protein synthesis. The order of the codons along the DNA molecule determines the sequence of particular amino acids in the protein produced.

codon

or

triplet

a group of three DNA nucleotide bases that codes for a specific amino acid in the related protein. see PROTEIN SYNTHESIS, GENETIC CODE.

codon

sequence of three nucleotides in DNA or RNA, coding for an amino acid

codon

a triplet in a chain of nucleic acids in mRNA that specifies the order in which amino acids are added. The codon triplet pairs with a sequence of three complementary nucleotides, called the anticodon, present in the anticodon arm of tRNA. Called also triplet. See also deoxyribonucleic acid.

start codon
see initiation codon.
stop c's
three codons, UAG, UAA and UGA, also referred to as amber, ochre and opal codons, in mRNA which terminate translation.
termination codon
see stop codons (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
Several forms of codon models explore and test hypotheses about variation in [omega] values among codons in the alignment or among lineages in the gene tree (Anisimova and Liberies, 2012), but demonstrating that particular genes and molecular traits are the particular targets of selection leading to new species has proven to be difficult: codon models of selection may be relatively conservative (Anisimova, 2012), and demographic variation can produce patterns of codon evolution similar to the effects of selection (e.
The first mutation, which was inherited from her father, is located in codon 83 [c.
The amino acids R (Arginine) and S (Serine) form a complete graph with respect to first base or third base mutation of codon.
By comparison we observed mutations at codons 59 and 108 in all our isolates but no mutation was observed at codons 51.
Initiation occurs when the ribosome binds the start codon in mRNA (AUG) with the amino acid methionine.
pastoris, the 16 C-terminus amino acids of huIFN[alpha]2a do not contain any rare codons.
Introducing stop sign-busting pseudouridine into an RNA may one day help people with rare genetic diseases in which one of their genes contains an early stop codon, Alfonzo says.
Analysis of KRAS mutations of exon 2 codons 12 and 13 by SNaPshot analysis in comparison to common DNA sequencing.
major, el codon de inicio de esta proteina parece corresponder al aminoacido no canonico isoleucina, al igual que en P.
The amplification of codons 194 and 399 resulted in the product of 487 and 595bp respectively.
According to the previous papers, the frequencies with which individual synonymous codons were used to code their cognate amino acids was quite variable from genome to genome and within genomes, from gene to gene.
Three codons (nucleotide trios that specifically code for one amino acid) are thought to influence susceptibility to scrapie.