codon

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Related to Codons: anticodons

codon

 [ko´don]
a series of three adjacent bases in one polynucleotide chain of a DNA or RNA molecule, which codes for a specific amino acid.

co·don

(kō'don),
A set of three consecutive nucleotides in a strand of DNA or RNA that provides the genetic information to code for a specific amino acid that will be incorporated into a protein chain or serve as a termination signal.
See also: genetic code.
Synonym(s): triplet (3)
[code + -on]

codon

(kō′dŏn′)
n.
A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides constituting the genetic code that determines the insertion of a specific amino acid in a polypeptide chain during protein synthesis or the signal to stop protein synthesis.

co·don

(kō'don)
A set of three consecutive nucleotides in a strand of DNA or RNA that provides the genetic information to code for a specific amino acid that will be incorporated into a protein chain or that serves as a termination signal.
Synonym(s): triplet (3) .
[code + -on]

codon

A sequence of three consecutive nucleotides (a triplet) along a strand of DNA or messenger RNA that specifies a particular AMINO ACID or a stop signal during protein synthesis. The order of the codons along the DNA molecule determines the sequence of particular amino acids in the protein produced.

codon

or

triplet

a group of three DNA nucleotide bases that codes for a specific amino acid in the related protein. see PROTEIN SYNTHESIS, GENETIC CODE.
References in periodicals archive ?
We did not find any statistically significant difference between these groups in terms of genetic correlations between the patient and control group according to allelic rates in the codons and the risk of gastric cancer.
Thus, the C^A polymorphisms in exon 6 do not result in change at codon 156 in cases as well as controls.
Codon usage bias (CUB) and RNA secondary structures (RSS) were analyzed for salt stress responsive (SSR) genes of Arabidopsis thaliana and Solanum lycopersicum.
Mutation in the RRDR region of rpoB is detected using 8 wild type immobilized probes along with 4 other probes that detect most common substitution at codon 516, 526 and 531 as in Figure-1.7 Each probe binds to its corresponding complementary codon.
The coding DNA of a gene is transcribed by codons of three nucleotide bases that specify amino acids to encode proteins.
Mutation in the katG gene at the codon S315T1 was found to be the most frequent, with 151 (20.9%) isolates showing this mutation.
A previous insilico study reported from our laboratory on mutation at codon 442 (15) revealed that this mutation affects the interaction of 441 with rifampicin due to change in the loop conformation, a consequence to this mutation, but later on clinical follow up, the patient was found to respond to MDT.
Therefore, the present study was designed in order to determine the frequency of codons 12 and 13 mutations in K-ras gene among a population of Iranian patients with CRC.
Moreover, majority of mutations are associated with katG gene at codon 315 in 30-90% of [INH.sup.R] isolates spans across the world (9,10).
[1-2] Approximately 40% of CRCs harbour K-ras mutations, 90% of which occur in codons 12 and 13; these mutations occur less frequently in codons 61, 63, and 146.
Translation is the successive reading of the base sequence of an mRNA molecule in groups of 3 bases called codons. There are 64 codons; 61 correspond to the 20 amino acids of which 1 (AUG) is a start codon.