Also aiding in continence is the levator ani, coccygeus
muscles, and endopelvic fascia, which resemble a sling at the base of the pelvis (Donovan & Terrell, 2018; Koelbl et al., 2013).
muscle is estimated between in the direction of 4 and 8 o'clock.
Level I refers to the intermingling fibres of the cardinal/uterosacral ligament complex which attaches the upper vagina, cervix, and lower uterine segment to the obturator muscle/sacrum, piriformis, and coccygeus
, respectively (Figure 2).
Tonic spasm of the levator ani, coccygeus
and piriformis muscle: relationship to coccygodynia and pain in the region of the hip and down the leg.
Repair of pelvic diaphragm was done by suturing external anal sphincter to coccygeus
and obturator muscles using silk no.
The recordings were performed in 10 specific points: pubococcygeus, iliococcygeus, coccygeus
, and obturator for each side as well as the anterior and posterior vaginal wall.
(1) The ischioanal fossa is inferior to the pelvic diaphragm, which comprises the levator ani and coccygeus
The pelvic floor consists of several muscles, primarily the levator ani and coccygeus
The third course is gluteal course in which the inferior gluteal artery begins between the dorsal surface of coccygeus
and piriformis and distributes three branches (Gray).
(4) Exposure and direct visualization of the sacrospinous ligament coccygeus
muscle complex require adequate dissection of the pararectal space, avoiding injury to the rectum.
This diaphragm consists of the Levator Ani (LA) and coccygeus
muscles along with their superior and inferior investing layers of fasciae.
The pudendal nerve arises from sacral nerves S2-S4 and, after passing between the piriformis and coccygeus
muscles, leaves the pelvis through the distal part of the greater sciatic foramen.