Coccidioides


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Coccidioides

 [kok-sid″ĕ-oi´dēz]
a genus of pathogenic fungi. C. im´mitis is the etiologic agent of coccidioidomycosis.

Coccidioides

(kok-sid'ē-oy'dēz),
A genus of fungi found in the soil of the semi arid areas of the southwestern U.S. and smaller areas throughout Central and South America, but has not been found elsewhere. The only pathogenic species, Coccidioides immitis, causes coccidioidomycosis.
[coccidium + G. eidos, resemblance]

Coc·cid·i·oi·des

(kok-sid'ē-oy'dēz)
A genus of fungi found in the soil of the semiarid areas of the southwestern U.S. and smaller areas throughout Central and South America. Two pathogenic species, C. immitis and C. posadasii, cause coccidioidomycosis.
[coccidium + G. eidos, resemblance]
References in periodicals archive ?
Coccidioides spp (C immitis and C posadasii) are large, dimorphic fungi endemic in the southwestern United States and Central and South America, capable of causing acute and chronic respiratory infections.
Coccidioides mycelia grow after rainstorms and then forms spores during long dry periods (Lacy & Swatek, 1974).
Subsequently, Coccidioides DNA and viable propagules were isolated from soil at a location of suspected exposure for 1 of these cases (12,13).
Reasons for the current increase in reported coccidioidomycosis are unknown but might include weather and environmental factors, including precipitation, which can facilitate growth of Coccidioides, followed by high temperatures and drought, which can facilitate distribution (5).
Cases of miliary Nocardia, Mycoplasma, Blastomyces [7, 8], Coccidioides [9], Cryptococcus [10], and Pneumocystis jirovecii [11] have been reported.
Coccidioidal meningitis was confirmed with CSF Coccidioides complement fixing antibody titer of 1:2048.
Anecdotally, terbinafine has been proposed to have synergistic effects when added to fluconazole in the treatment of Coccidioides [8].
There are several reports of mass formation in the nasal cavity of horses related to fungal infections as Conidiobolus and Coccidioides immitis (CASWELL & WILLIAMS, 2016), Aspergillus (GUIDA et al., 2005), Rhinosporidium seeberi (previously classified as a fungus) (LEEMING et al., 2007), in addition to formation of nasal polyps, ethmoid hematomas, and tumors (CASWELL & WILLIAMS, 2016).
Additional negative tests included serum galactomannan and [beta]-d-glucan, serology for Cryptococcus, Histoplasma, Blastomyces and Coccidioides, CMV PCR, EBV PCR as well as fungal, mycobacterial and bacterial blood cultures.
MVista Antigen Detection: Histoplasma, Coccidioides, and Blastomyces Quantitative EIA Other Antigen Detection: Aspergillus Galactomannan, B-D Glucan Antibody Detection: MVista Histoplasma IgG IgM, MVista Coccidioides IgG IgM, Blastomyces, and Aspergillus
'Valley fever is not contagious, it is caused by the coccidioides fungus, which lives in the soil,' says Daniel Tong, atmospheric scientist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and lead author of the study.
Isolation and characterization of the urease gene (URE) from the pathogenic fungus Coccidioides immitis.