chemical neurotransmission, an updated overview.
Pringle, "Extensive differences in gene expression between symbiotic and aposymbiotic cnidarians
," G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, vol.
caribaeorum, a cnidarian
that has been only poorly examined in terms of its associated microbiota in spite of its abundance in most reef environments in the western Atlantic.
These embryos are of uncertain affinities, but they may represent stem cnidarians
(the phylum including "jellyfish," anemones, and corals) or even bilaterians (animals with bilateral symmetry).
That is why it is also popularly labeled as 'cansancao', a term which is used to designate cnidarians
and terrestrial plants (stinging nettle, Urticaceae) that cause a burn sensation.
The survival of zoanthids under low salinities is directly related to the ability of diluting the body fluids in cnidarians
. These animals keep a condition of isosmolarity in relation to the medium (GATES; MAYFIELD, 2007), like the tropical zoanthid P.
Percent of Total Known Marine Species by Taxonomic Group CRUSTACEANS 19% MOLLUSKS 17% FISH 12% ALGAE 10% PROTOZOA 10% CNIDARIANS
5% ECHINODERMS 3% OTHER VERTEBRATES 2% OTHER INVERTEBRATES 22% Note: Table made from pie chart.
Studies of the biology of a symbiosis between the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica Gmelin) and an inquiline cnidarian
, Eutima sp.
is the sudden acquisition, 543-538 million years ago, of hard external parts by all the animal phyla found today (except the sponges, comb jellies and cnidarians
10:45 A PRELIMINARY REPORT ON IDENTIFYING CNIDARIANS
USING MOLECULAR TECHNIQUES
Abstract: A suite of fossils collected from the Warsaw Formation (Mississippian) of Missouri includes brachiopods, bryozoans, cnidarians
, poriferans, echinoderms, and chondrichthyan teeth.
Where the seabed consists of rocks, mobile fishing gear removes large epifaunal invertebrates (such as sponges, cnidarians
, and bryozoans) and moves boulders along the bottom.