Clostridium perfringens


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Related to Clostridium perfringens: Clostridium difficile, Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin

Clos·trid·i·um per·frin·'gens

a bacterial species that is the chief causative agent of gas gangrene in humans and a cause of gas gangrene in other animals, especially sheep; it may also be involved in causing enteritis, appendicitis, and puerperal fever; it is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the U. S. This organism is found in soil, water, milk, dust, sewage, and the intestinal tract of humans and other animals.

Clostridium perfringens

(pər-frĭn′jənz)
n.
A bacterium that can cause gas gangrene and food poisoning in humans and various diseases in livestock.

Clostridium perfringens

Infectious disease An anaerobic gram-positive spore-forming rod, widely distributed in nature and present in the intestine of humans and other mammals. C perfringens type A accounts for ±15% of outbreaks of food poisoning in the US

Clos·trid·i·um per·frin·gens

(klos-trid'ē-ŭm pĕr-frin'jenz)
A bacterial species that causes gas gangrene; it also may be involved in causing enteritis, appendicitis, and puerperal fever. It is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the U.S.
Synonym(s): gas bacillus, Welch bacillus.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study confirmed presence of Clostridium perfringens type D in small ruminants of the province.
Clostridium perfringens in animal disease: a review of current knowledge.
Clostridium perfringens es un bacilo grampositivo encapsulado, anaerobico, productor de esporas, que se encuentra en la flora habitual del colon (esta presente en el 66 % de la poblacion sana) y en el tracto genital femenino.
Type IV pili and the CcpA protein are needed for maximal biofilm formation by the gram-positive anaerobic pathogen Clostridium perfringens. Infect Immun 2008; 76: 4944-4951, doi: 10.1128/IAI.00692-08.
An investigation into the association between cpb2encoding Clostridium perfringens type A and diarrhea in neonatal piglets.
Murakami, "Massive intravascular hemolysis in a patient infected by a Clostridium perfringens," Acta Medica Okayama, vol.
Shrestha et al., "Towards an understanding of the role of Clostridium perfringens toxins in human and animal disease," Future Microbiology, vol.
Acceptable levels for food Potential hazards safety (raw materials) Bacillus cereus [10.sup.6] cfu/g [13] Clostridium perfringens [10.sup.2] cfu/g [13] Escherichia coli [10.sup.2] cfu/g [13] Salmonella Absent/25g [13] Staphylococcus aureus [10.sup.2] cfu/g [13] Aflatoxins B1 5 [micro]g/kg [22] Total aflatoxins 10 [micro]g/kg [22] Acceptable levels for food Potential hazards safety (finished product) Bacillus cereus <10 cfu/g [13] Clostridium perfringens <10 cfu/g [13] Escherichia coli <10 cfu/g [13] Salmonella Absent/25 g [13] Staphylococcus aureus <10 cfu/g [13] Aflatoxins B1 5 [micro]g/kg [22] Total aflatoxins 10 [micro]g/kg [22] Table 2: Critical limits for CCPs.
Postmus, "Pleural empyema caused by Clostridium perfringens," Respiratory Medicine, vol.
Final blood cultures returned on HD3 as Clostridium perfringens, with the source presumed to be endometritis.
Culture of cloacal swabs retrieved on day 12 from pelicans D to F demonstrated high concentrations of Clostridium perfringens. Antibiotic therapy then was switched to benzylpenicillin (20 mg/kg PO ql2h; Aviapen; Medistar Arzneimittelvertrieb GmbH, Bernburg, Germany), which is bactericidal.
Enterotoxigenicity and genetic relatedness of Clostridium perfringens isolates from retail foods in the United States.

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