Clonorchis

Clonorchis

 [klo-nor´kis]
a genus of liver flukes. C. sinen´sis is the cause of clonorchiasis throughout eastern Asia from Vietnam to Korea.
References in periodicals archive ?
Detection of Clonorchis sinensis circulating antigen in sera from Chinese patients by immunomagnetic bead ELISA based on IgY.
Clonorchis sinensis- specific IgG in serum was positive in a dot immunogold filtration assay established by Wang et al .[2] using soluble C.
Common instigators include the roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), the Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis), and the sheep liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica).
Indeed, both species of liver flukes that most commonly infect humans (Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis) have been declared Group 1 carcinogens by the World Health Organization and the International Agency for Research on Cancer [14, 15].
CCA risk factors include, but are not limited to, primary sclerosing cholangitis, choledocholithiasis, long-standing ulcerative colitis, infestation with Clonorchis sinensis, Caroli's disease, and congenital hepatic fibrosis [2, 3, 8].
These cancers are rare in the United States; on the contrary, in Asia, particularly Thailand, infection with liver flukes of the genera Clonorchis and Opisthorchis is often associated with cholangiocarcinoma of the intrahepatic bile ducts [1-3].
Potential risk factors of CCA are parasitic infections (Opisthorchis viverrini and Clonorchis sinensis), bile duct disorders (biliary tract cysts and hepatolithiasis), toxins, complications (diabetes, cirrhosis, and obesity), alcohol consumption, and smoking [1].
Intrahepatic brown pigment stones are seen with infestation of bile ducts with Ascaris lumbricoides and Clonorchis sinensis.
trichiura, Enterobius vermicularis, Capillaria philippinensis, Ancylostoma duodenale, Clonorchis sinensis, and even tapeworm proglottids (Figure 1).