The challenge of time: clock-drawing
and cognitive function in the elderly.
On the contrary, the training group improved their cognitive performance in delayed memory (p [less than or equal to] 0.001), recognition (p = 0.0284), clock-drawing
test (p = 0.01), digit forward test (p [less than or equal to] 0.001), digit backward test (p = 0.001), TMT A (p [less than or equal to] 0.001), and TMT B (p = 0.017).
test [sup] was used to assess executive function (EF) and working memory (WM).
Dehlin, "The clock-drawing
test," Age and Ageing, vol.
In addition, the ACE-R contains a clock-drawing
task, a 3-word recall task, an abstract reasoning task (Similarities) and a trail-making task (Mioshi, et al., 2006).
Executive functions were evaluated by the stroop test, digit span test, clock-drawing
test and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) additionally to the first evaluation.
The women took three cognitive exams - the mini-mental statement examination to evaluate the global cognitive status, a clock-drawing
test to determine the women's executive functions (planning, problem-solving, verbal reasoning) and the Boston Abbreviated Test to assess the women's memory.
task engages inhibitory control and memory, while the confrontational naming task requires the recall of vocabulary and semantic knowledge.
This is a simple and validated way to test for impaired cognition or dementia using a three-item recall test and a clock-drawing
Furthermore, although the clock-drawing
test, visuospatial copying tasks, and trail making test B might not have absolute utility in identifying those at risk of driving impairment, measures of attention and visuospatial skills have been found to correlate with on-road driving performance.
test was developed nearly 10 years ago by Washington State University neurologist Soo Borson, MD, as a means of screening patients who may have had a language barrier with their healthcare providers.