cloacal exstrophy

(redirected from Cloacal extrophy)


the turning inside out of an organ, such as the urinary bladder.
exstrophy of the bladder congenital absence of a portion of the abdominal wall and bladder wall, the bladder appearing to be turned inside out, with the internal surface of its posterior wall showing through the opening in the anterior wall.
exstrophy of cloaca (cloacal exstrophy) a developmental anomaly in which two segments of bladder (hemibladders) are separated by an area of intestine with a mucosal surface, resembling a large red tumor in the midline of the lower abdomen.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

clo·acal exstrophy

congenital anomaly with two exstrophied bladder units separated by an exstrophied segment of intestine, which is usually cecum, receiving ileum superiorly and continuing distally to blind ending microcolon. A number of variants of anatomic disarray can occur.
Synonym(s): ectopia cloacae
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
[1] These include undescended testes, ambiguous genitalia, hydronephrosis, bladder extrophy, cloacal extrophy, patent urachus, polycystic kidneys, hypospadias, bifid scrotum, posterior urethral valves, absent kidney, horseshoe kidney, renal cyst and epispadias.
Grey et al and Keppler et al (6) had stated that cloacal extrophy is associated with maternal exposure to diphenyl hydantoin and valproic acid and cigarette smoking.