migraine

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Related to Classical migraine: migraine without aura, Migraine headaches

mi·graine

(mī'grān, mi-grān'),
A familial, recurrent syndrome characterized usually by unilateral head pain, accompanied by various focal disturbances of the nervous system, particularly in regard to visual phenomenon, such as scintillating scotomas. Classified as classic migraine, common migraine, cluster headache, hemiplegic migraine, ophthalmoplegic migraine, and ophthalmic migraine.
[through O. Fr., fr. G. hēmi- krania, pain on one side of the head, fr. hēmi-, half, + kranion, skull]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

migraine

An intense idiopathic, episodic, uni/bilateral, pulsating (vascular) headache, often exacerbated by physical activity, linked to dilation of branches of the carotid artery.

Clinical findings
Classic migraines are most common in women age 30–49 and in lower income households, and appear to have a hereditary component. Migraines first appear before puberty and remit at menopause; they may be accompanied or preceded by nausea, vomiting, phonophobia, and photophobia or other visual phenomena (e.g., hemianopia, scotomas, fortification phenomenon).

Management
Analgesics (e.g., aspirin, acetaminophen, propoxyphen, codeine), NSAIDs (e.g., naproxen, ibuprofen, ketorolac), 5-HT agonists (e.g., ergotamine, sumatryptan), dopamine antagonist (e.g., chlorpromazine, metoclopramide).
 
Prevention
Avoid precipitating factors; if conservative measures fail and the attacks are > 1/week, pharmacologic prophylaxis is indicated, which may be 5-HT influencing (e.g., amitriptyline, methysergide1), β-adrenergic antagonist (e.g., propranolol, metoprolol), calcium channel blocker (e.g., nifedipine, verapamil) or NSAIDs (e.g., ketoprofen, mefenamic acid, aspirin).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

migraine

Hemicrania, sick headache Neurology An intense idiopathic, episodic, uni/bilateral, pulsating–vascular headache, often exacerbated by physical activity, linked to dilation of branches of the carotid artery Clinical 'Classic' migraines are most common in ♀ age 30-49, and in lower income households, and appear to have a hereditary component; migraines first appear before puberty and remit at menopause; they may be accompanied or preceded by N&V, photophobia, other visual phenomena–eg, hemianopia, scotomas, fortification phenomenon, phonophobia Treatment Analgesics–eg, aspirin, acetaminophen, propoxyphen, codeine, NSAIDs–eg, naproxen, ibuprofen, ketorolac, 5-HT agonists–eg, ergotamine, sumatryptan, dopamine antagonist–eg, chlorpromazine, metoclopramide Prevention Avoid precipitating factors; if conservative measures fail and the attacks are > 1/wk, pharmacologic prophylaxis is indicated, which may be 5-HT-influencing–eg, amitriptyline, methysergide, β-adrenergic antagonist–eg, propranolol, metoprolol, calcium channel blocker–eg, nifedipine, verapamil, NSAIDs–eg, ketoprofen, mefenamic acid, aspirin, sumatriptan. See Aura, Basilar migraine, Classical migraine, Common migraine, Footballer's headache, Menstrual migraine, Mixed tension, Ophthalmoplegic migraine, Retinal migraine.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

mi·graine

(mī'grān)
A symptom complex occurring periodically and characterized by pain in the head (usually unilateral), vertigo, nausea and vomiting, and photophobia. Onset of pain may be preceded by a warning (i.e., aura), often consisting of bilateral scintillating scotomas. Subtypes include classic migraine, common migraine, cluster headache, hemiplegic migraine, ophthalmoplegic migraine, and ophthalmic migraine.
Synonym(s): hemicrania (1) , sick headache.
[through O. Fr., fr. G. hēmi-krania, pain on one side of the head, fr. hēmi-, half, + kranion, skull]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

migraine

A particular form of headache caused by widening (dilatation) of some of the arteries of the scalp and brain, usually on one side. The widening is preceded by partial closure of these arteries (spasm) and this often causes temporary disturbance of brain function. Most commonly, this takes the form of an expanding, one-sided blank area in the field of vision, with a sparkling (scintillating) jagged border. Such an episode usually lasts for about 20 min. Other neurological disturbances may occur, such as weakness or loss of sensation on the face or down one side of the body or speech or comprehension defects. The headache that follows these effects may be severe and there is nausea and sometimes vomiting and great intolerance to light. Migraine is treated with various drugs including ergotamine tartrate, beta-blockers such as PROPRANOLOL, antidepressants such as amitryptyline, and the serotonin antagonist METHYSERGIDE. The term migraine comes from the words ‘hemi-cranial’, meaning half-head.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Migraine

A throbbing headache that usually affects only one side of the head. Nausea, vomiting, increased sensitivity to light, and other symptoms often accompany migraine.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

migraine

An intense and recurring pain usually confined to one side of the head and often accompanied by vertigo, nausea and vomiting, photophobia and scintillating appearances of light and even hemianopia. See visual aura; metamorphopsia; scintillating scotoma.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

mi·graine

(mī'grān)
A familial, recurrent syndrome usually characterized by unilateral head pain, accompanied by various focal disturbances of the nervous system, particularly in regard to visual phenomenon, e.g., scintillating scotomas.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about migraine

Q. what is migraine???

A. this is a disease

Q. What the reasons to the migraine?

A. A migraine headache has many triggers- among which are different foods (cheese, red wine), drinking coffee or caffeine containing beverages, lack of sleep, smoking, drinking alcohol, exposure to strong noise and more. There is also a genetic factor, and you see migraine more in people whose relatives suffer from it too.

Q. What Is a Migraine? I have these headaches and my doctor says it sounds like I’m suffering from migraines. What exactly are migraines?

A.
A migraine is a situation that generally combines a headache with certain characteristics, such as increased sensitivity to light, pulsating pain, usually only one sided and that lasts no longer than 72 hours. It is usually a phenomenon that runs in the family, and sometimes can be very difficult to overcome. Here are some tips about dealing with a migraine- http://www.5min.com/Video/How-to-Treat-Headaches-21797151

More discussions about migraine
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References in periodicals archive ?
This appears especially true for the classical migraine patient because of the stigma associated with hallucinations, Wilkinson adds.
It is characterized into two types, migraine without aura or common migraines and migraine with aura called classical migraines. Usually, aura includes visual symptoms such as seeing flashes, shapes, or seeing lines.
Those with classical migraines can experience disturbed vision, stiffness, co-ordination problems and difficulty with speech, while those with common migraines can experience sickness and increased sensitivity to light, sound or smells.