Cladophialophora

Cladophialophora

(klad'ō-fī'al-of'ōr-ă),
A dematiaceous hyphomycetous genus of fungi previously placed in the genera Cladosporium or Zylohypha. The genus differs from Cladosporium microscopically by lacking conidiophores and prominent hila, and by producing long, nonfragile (rather than fragile) chains of conidia. It differs physiologically by resistance to cycloheximide. Genus includes several species, all of which may be pathogenic to humans.

Cladophialophora

(klăd″ō-fī″ă-lŏf′ĕ-ră) [NL.]
A genus of pigmented soil fungi that sometimes cause cutaneous, subcutaneous, or intracerebral infections in humans, often in those with immunosuppressive diseases and conditions. Species within the genus include C. bantiana, C. boppii, and C carrionii.

Cladophialophora

a genus of dematiaceous (dark-walled) fungi.

Cladophialophora bantiana
previously Cladosporium trichoides. A cause of phaeohyphomycosis.
Cladophialophora carrionii
previously Cladosporium carrionii. A cause of hyphomycosis in animals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chromoblastomycosis caused by Cladophialophora carrionii in a child from India.
Progress 15(10-11): 1179-1201 (SisM, Cladophialophora, Cyphellophora, Exophiala, Rhinocladiella, Esp).
Cinco hongos se han asociado con cromoblastomicosis: Fonseca pedrosoi, Fonseca compacta, Phialophora verrucosa, Cladophialophora carrionii y Rhinocladiella aquaspersa; sin embargo, de estos agentes, el mas comunmente aislado es Fonseca Pedrosoi, seguido por Phialophora verrucosa (cuadro 1) (36,39,40).
pedrosoi, Phialophora verrucosa, Cladophialophora carrionii and Rhinocladiella aquaspersa and occasionally by Exophiala spinifera, Aureobasidium pullulans and Chaetomium funicula.
It is most commonly caused by Fonsecaea pedrosoi, Cladophialophora carrionii and Phialophora verrucosa.
Many studies over degradation of BTEX and other polyaromatic hydrocarbons had been carried out with other potential organisms such as Pseudomonas spp (25), Rhodococcus spp (26,27), Mycobacterium (19) and many fungal strains such as Cladophialophora sp (25).
Other agents of fungal soft tissue infections in survivors injured during the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami include Fusarium (which later caused systemic infection) in 1 tourist (15) and Cladophialophora bantiana in 2 other tourists (10).
An aeromycology study performed in the ICUs and operating rooms of a hospital in the city of Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brasil, found that the most isolated fungal genera were Cladophialophora spp.
Alem disso, o animal apresentou aumento da atividade serica de enzimas hepaticas, fato tambem descrito em um gato com feohifomicose sistemica, causada por Cladophialophora bantiana, que apresentava lesoes no figado (ELIES et al.
La actividad del ajoeno ha sido probada en diversos microorganismos, tal es el caso de: Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (13), Trypanosoma cruzi (27), Microsporum canis (25), Leishmania mexicana (12) y Cladophialophora carrionii (28) ha mostrado altos valores de CMI y en M.
Causative species include Phialophora verrucosa, Fonsecaea pedrosoi, Fonsecaea compacta, Fonsecaea dermatitidis, Cladophialophora carrionii and Rhinocladiella aquaspersa.
Non dermatophytes species isolated on cultures were Fusarium solani in 5 cases, Fusarium dimarum in 3, Alternaria alternata in 6, Scytilidium dimidiatum in 3, Scytilidium hyalinum in 4, Candida tropicalis in 2, Cladophialophora carrionii in 1 and Ulocaldium chartarum in 1 case.