5 Distribution of branching types in the Calamoidcac on a genus level cladogram
. Key the same as Fig.
nigra, what corroborates the topography of the cladogram
proposed by this study.
56) Interpolating cladogram
of the Stephomyia species with terminal taxa replaced by their respective host plants; 57) Interpolating cladogram
of the Stephomyia species with terminal taxa replaced by their area of occurrence.
An isomorphism of cladograms
(resp., of ordered cladograms
) is an isomorphism of trees (resp., of ordered trees) that preserves the leaves' labels.
In this regard and with regard to low variability in the CIs and RIs generated from cladograms
9-21, these results indicate the limited effect that the removal of any single Soil Order had on the BC.
From the data matrix (17 taxa x 27 characters) presented in Appendix 2, cladogram
searches were carried out under the application of 2 different character weighting approaches: equal and successive weighting.
Each dataset analysis with MIX produced over 100 cladograms
, and only one cladogram
was selected (usually the first since the differences between the cladograms
were in the upper minor branches) to represent each analysis (Figures 1 and 2).
RESULTS: The analysis under EW resulted in four most parsimonious cladograms
, with 74 steps, a consistency index of 60, and a retention index of 78.
The matrix has yielded 46000 MP trees, length of the cladograms
was 2280, C.I.
The weak statistical support of the structure at the breed level is a classic problem and shows how breed-level cladograms
can be of concern for analyses of domestic species (Bruford, 2004).
The Implicit Enumeration algorithm (ie*) was employed in the search for the most parsimonious cladograms
, with Nona & Winclada used to check the most parsimonious results found with this algorithm.