bitter orange

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bit·ter or·ange

(bit'ĕr ōr'ănj)
The fruit of Citrus aurantium; clinical reports suggest use as an antiviral, in treating gastrointestinal and dermatologic disorders. Some have used it as an appetite suppressant (after the ban on ephedra), but severe and frequent adverse effects have been reported (seizure, cardiovascular disorders).
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

bitter orange

A citrus tree, Citrus aurantium, whose oils are used in some cultures as an oral remedy for gastrointestinal conditions such as constipation or nausea. Bitter orange is commonly used in dietary supplements as an aid to fat loss and as an appetite suppressant.


Bitter orange can worsen cardiovascular disease and glaucoma.
Synonym: zhi shi
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Colker e colaboradores (1999) avaliaram um grupo com 23 adultos que consumiram por seis semanas Citrus aurantium associados a outros compostos, exercicios fisicos e dieta com uma restricao de 1800 kcal.
A systematic literature review was carried out; search for articles was performed on Pubmed, Science Direct and Scielo databases about the use of "Camellia sinensis", "Citrus aurantium" and "Carthamus tinctorius" phytomedicines for treatment of obesity.
1 g of ZZHPD lyophilized powder contained geniposide (1.00 mg) and genipin-1-[beta]-gentiobioside (4.73 mg) both from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis fruit, hesperidin (24.20 mg) and neohesperidin (0.19 mg) both from Citrus aurantium L.
The genus Citrus of the family Rutaceae which includes Indian wild orange (Citrus indica), Melanesian papeda (Citrus macroptera), bitter orange (Citrus aurantium), shaddock (Citrus grandis), Mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata), sweet orange (Citrus sinensis), lemon (Citrus limon) and grapefruit (Citrus paradise) are distributed throughout the tropical and temperate regions and are widely consumed as fresh fruits [31].
Gutierrez-E MA, Luth D, Moore GA (1997) Factors affecting Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in Citrus and production of sour orange (Citrus aurantium L.) plants expressing the coat protein gene of citrus tristeza virus.
O trabalho foi conduzido no Departamento de Fitotecnia da Universidade Federal de Vicosa (UFV), Minas Gerais, em condicoes de casa de vegetacao e laboratorio, com sementes dos seguintes porta-enxertos: 'Citradia 1708' (Citrus aurantium x Poncirus trifoliata), 'Citrandarin 1710' (Citrus reticulata - Changsha x English Small - Poncirus trifoliata), 'Citrange Carrizo' (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osb.
Este fenomeno se ha detectado en otros citricos como el naranjo agrio (Citrus aurantium L.) (Diosdado, 1997), la lima (Citrus aurantifolia Christm.) (Al-Bahrany, 2002) y la mandarina Cleopatra (Citrus reshni Hort ex Tan) (Hernandez et al., 2010).
Effects of soil phosphorus and Glomus intraradices on growth, nonstructural carbohydrates, and photosynthetic activity of Citrus aurantium. Plant Soil, 128: 257-263
Dentre eles, o Citrus aurantium (laranja amarga: p-sinefrina), a Camellia sinensis (cha verde: catequinas) e a Paullinia cupana (guarana: cafeina) tem sido
According to the recipe replica, it consists of alcohol, orange oil, lemon oil, nutmeg oil, coriander, cinnamon and neroli - which are produced from the blossom of the bitter orange tree (Citrus aurantium).
Homemark then marketed another product ruled against by an FTC scientific panel: Slim Coffee with the ingredient Citrus aurantium,13 which contains synephrine.