Among the tested powders, Azadirachta indica seed powder was found more effective as compared to other treatments, whereas; Calotropisprocera and Citrullus colocynthis
were found least effective (Table 2-8).
Asteraceae Therophytes Citrullus colocynthis
Effect of Citrullus colocynthis
and Insulin Administration on mRNA Expression of Antioxidants in Liver and Kidney of Diabetic Rats
In this backdrop, the combined extracts of Rhizome of Curcuma longa, fruit of Citrullus colocynthis
and seed of Peganum harmala were found gifted.
Some of the recent reports on antidiabetic or antihyperglycemic effects of Cucurbitaceae family plants or plant parts include hypoglycemic activity of lectin from Trichosanthes kirilowi (Li et al., 2012), fruits of Momordica charantia (Ooi et al, 2012), seed extracts of Citrullus colocynthis
(Benariba et al, 2012), antihyperglycemic effect of Coccinia indica (Shibib et al, 2012), antihyperglycemic effect of Trichosanthes dioica (Rai et al, 2013), and antidiabetic effect of Mukia maderaspatana (Srilatha and Ananda, 2013).
The gourd mentioned in both the Qur'an and the Bible as shading the prophet Jonah from the sun may have been the common trailing plant we know as "bitter gourd", Citrullus colocynthis
, familiar in rawdhats and oases all over this country, but more likely it was the fast-growing climber Lagenaria siceraria or "bottle gourd".
Among them, Allium sativum, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Citrullus colocynthis
, Juglans regia, Nigella sativa, Olea europaea, Punica granatum, Salvia officinalis, Teucrium polium, Trigonellafoenum, Urtica dioica, and Vaccinium arctostaphylos are widely used as medicinal plants for management of diabetes [4, 5].
The genus Citrullus comprises four species, including watermelon and Citrullus colocynthis
, a perennial known as bitter gourd or apple, which occurs as both a wild and domesticated plant.
lanatus var lanatus seed, one of the cucubit species is largely believed to have originated from western Kalahari region of Namibia and Botswana.
Thanks to the miracle of electronics and silicon, one finds that "Citrullus colocynthis
, commonly known as the colocynth, bitter apple, bitter cucumber, egusi, or vine of Sodom (I beg your pardon!) is a viny plant native to the Mediterranean Basin and Asia, especially Turkey (especially in regions such as Izmir), Nubia, and Trieste.
and Pongamia pinnata belong to family cucurbitaceae and leguminaceae, respectively.
The present research work was carried out for the analysis of secondary metabolites in callus culture of Citrullus colocynthis