Citrobacter amalonaticus

Cit·ro·bac·ter a·ma·lo·na·'ti·cus

a bacterial species found in feces, soil, water, and sewage; isolated from clinical specimens as an opportunistic pathogen.
Synonym(s): Levinea amalonatica
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mirabilis, Corynebacterium 4/M No striatum, Citrobacter amalonaticus 7 Klebsiella pneumoniae, C.
Extracts of these plants were tested against Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus vulgaris, Escherischia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia and Citrobacter amalonaticus.
Among the species isolated, the Citrobacter amalonaticus composes the common intestinal microbiota of human beings, and it is not well established its role in human disease, besides together with other enterobacteria members, it has been isolated from cockroaches in Malaysia (21), while Citrobacter freundii is reported to be associated to mortality in 22% of human patients with predominant infection in the intraabdominal region, as reported in a hospital in Taipei (6), as also in gallbladder disease (7), becoming a worldwide emerging nosocomial pathogen with escalating incidence of multidrug resistance, even though it colonizes natural environment, particularly in health care settings, which make it difficult to eradicate.
Three species are recognised in clinical samples: Citrobacter freundii, Citrobacter koseri (Formerly Citrobacter Diverses) and Citrobacter amalonaticus.
99 Citrobacter amalonaticus 1 Citrobacter braakii 7 Citrobacterfreundii 8 Citrobacter koseri 3 Citrobacter youngae 3 Comamonas kerstersii 1 Enterobacter asburiae 2 1 Enterobacter cloacae 5 Enterococcus faecalis 11 Enterococcus faecium 3 Enterococcus raffinosus 1 Escherichia coli 38 Hafnia alvei 2 Klebsiella oxytoca 2 Klebsiella pneumoniae 17 Klebsiella variicola 2 Macrococcus caseolyticus 4 1 Morganella morganii 17 Proteus mirabilis 40 Proteus penneri 6 Proteus vulgaris 45 Providencia rettgeri 1 Providencia stuartii 1 Pseudomonas putida 1 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 5 Raoultella ornithinolytica 6 1 Serratia liquefaciens 1 Staphylococcus aureus 4 2 Viridibacillus 1 1 Unidentified bacteria 4 Total 242 6 Bacterial species ID score ID score 2.
Asimismo, en Venezuela se ha reportado como causa de mortalidad en tortugas Podocnemis expansa neonatas mantenidas en cautiverio a la septicemia aparentemente asociada con Citrobacter amalonaticus y Klebsiella pneumoniae (Boede y Hernandez, 2004), mientras que en Brasil se ha reportado septicemia en la misma especie de tortugas, pero asociada a Salmonella serotipo Carrau (De Sousa et al.
A novel phytase appA from Citrobacter amalonaticus CGMCC 1696: gene cloning and overexpression in Pichia pastoris.
Three TC species of Salmonella were identified in the water at Pina Station, as well as three TTC: Citrobacter amalonaticus (Werkman and Gillen, 1932), Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella pneumonia (Edwin Klebs, 1887).
It is important to highlight that in addition to these species, the TTC Citrobacter amalonaticus also occurred in this locality, a species considered of fecal origin (Leclerc et al.
5 Periodontitis severa Klebsiella oxytoca 6 Periodontitis severa Enterobacter cloacae 7 Periodontitis severa Klebsiella pneumoniae 8 Periodontitis severa Klebsiella pneumoniae 9 Periodontitis severa Enterobacter aerogenes 10 Periodontitis severa Enterobacter cloacae n Periodontitis incidental Citrobacter amalonaticus 12 Periodontitis incidental Klebsiella pneumoniae-- Enterobacter cloacae 13 Periodontitis incidental Klebsiella pneumoniae 14 Periodontitis rapida progresiva Klebsiella pneumoniae 15 Periodontitis rapida progresiva Escherichia coli 16 Periodontitis juvenil Klebsiella pneumoniae generalizada
Culture profiles for group A patients were as follows: two patients had positive CSF cultures: one for group B streptococci and the other for Streptococcus pneumoniae (both cultures were positive within 24 hours); six patients had positive blood cultures: three for group B streptococci, two for S pneumoniae, and one for Salmonella infantis (all blood cultures were positive within 48 hours); and urine samples from two children were positive: one for enterococci and the other for Citrobacter amalonaticus (both were positive within 48 hours).