citrate

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citrate

 [sit´rāt, si´trāt]
any anionic form, salt, or ester of citric acid.
citrate phosphate dextrose (CPD) a solution containing citric acid, sodium citrate, monobasic sodium phosphate, and dextrose that is the primary anticoagulant used for preservation of whole blood or red blood cells for up to 21 days. The official USP name is anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose solution.
citrate phosphate dextrose adenine (CPDA-1) an anticoagulant solution, containing citric acid, sodium citrate, monobasic sodium phosphate, dextrose, and adenine, used for the preservation of whole blood and red blood cells for up to 35 days; it extends red cell survival by providing adenine needed for the maintenance of red cell ATP levels. The official USP name is anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose adenine solution.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cit·rate

(sit'rāt, sī'trāt), Avoid the eccentric pronunciation sī'trāt, which is supported by precedent or analogy with related words.
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as anticoagulants because they bind calcium ions.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cit·rate

(sit'rāt)
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as an anticoagulant because it binds calcium ions.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cit·rate

(sit'rāt)
A salt or ester of citric acid; used as anticoagulant.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Mineral Products: Calcium ascorbate, calcium aspartate, calcium citrate, calcium citrate malate, calcium malate, copper lysinate, magnesium ascorbate, magnesium aspartate, magnesium citrate, magnesium fumarate, magnesium malate, magnesium potassium aspartate, molybdenum methionate, potassium aspartate, potassium citrate, selenium Select[R] (L-selenomethionine), vanadium (bis glycinato oxo vanadium), vanadium citrate, zinc ascorbate, zinc aspartate, zinc citrate, zinc magnesium aspartate, zinc monomethionine, zinc picolinate
(1995) has reported a case of phocomelia after treatment with clomiphene citrate. Treated mother gave birth to male infant with abnormal limbs.
Along with a number of fetal morphological defects found during the present study histopathological anomalies attributable to developmental exposure of clomiphene citrate included meningomyelocele, hydrocephaly, microcephaly, underdeveloped cerebellum, dilated lateral ventricles, defective eye lens, corneal and retinal defects.
On the basis of these findings it is concluded that oral administration of clomiphene citrate is teratogenic in mice within the dose limits prescribed to patients by the doctors particularly if such exposure occurs during organogenesis.
Clomiphene citrate: the case of monoisomeric preparations.
Three Neon et al Ca Taract Cases produced in rats with clomiphene citrate. J.
Assesssment of genetic toxicity of the exposure of clomiphene citrate, with various bacterial test systems.
Update on the safety and efficacy of clomiphene citrate as a therapeutic agent.
Predictive power of clomiphene citrate challenge test for failure of in vitro fertilization treatment.
Development, pharmacology and clinical experience with clomiphene citrate. Hum.
Preovulatory administration of clomiphene citrate to mice causes fetal growth retardation and neural tube defects (exencephaly) by an indirects maternal effect.
Effect of clomiphene citrate on prolactin and gonadotropin release during GnRH- analog treatment.