vallate papilla

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 [pah-pil´ah] (L.)
a small, nipple-shaped projection or elevation. adj., adj pap´illary.
circumvallate papilla
2. one of the papillae in the area next to a vallate papilla.
conical papilla one of the sparsely scattered elevations on the tongue, often considered to be modified filiform papillae.
papillae of corium conical extensions of the fibers, capillary blood vessels, and sometimes nerves of the corium into corresponding spaces among downward- or inward-projecting rete ridges on the undersurface of the epidermis.
dental papilla (dentinal papilla) the small mass of condensed mesenchyme capped by each of the enamel organs.
duodenal papilla either of the small elevations (major and minor) on the mucosa of the duodenum, the major at the entrance of the conjoined pancreatic and common bile ducts, the minor at the entrance of the accessory pancreatic duct.
filiform papilla one of the threadlike elevations covering most of the tongue surface.
foliate papilla one of the parallel mucosal folds on the tongue margin at the junction of its body and root.
fungiform papilla one of the knoblike projections of the tongue scattered among the filiform papillae.
gingival papilla the triangular pad of the gingiva filling the space between the proximal surfaces of two adjacent teeth.
hair papilla the fibrovascular mesodermal papilla enclosed within the hair bulb.
incisive papilla an elevation at the anterior end of the raphe of the palate.
lacrimal papilla an elevation on the margin of either eyelid, near the medial angle of the eye.
lingual papillae elevations on the surface of the tongue, containing the taste buds; the conical, filiform, foliate, fungiform, and vallate papillae.
mammary papilla nipple (def. 1).
optic papilla optic disk.
palatine papilla incisive papilla.
papilla pi´li hair papilla.
renal papilla the blunted apex of a renal pyramid.
tactile papilla tactile corpuscle.
urethral papilla a slight elevation in the vestibule of the vagina at the external orifice of the urethra.
vallate papilla one of the 8 to 12 large papillae arranged in a V near the base of the tongue.
papilla of Vater (Vater's papilla) major duodenal papilla.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

val·late pa·pil·la

(val'āt pă-pil'ă)
One of eight or ten projections from the dorsum of the tongue forming a row anterior to and parallel with the sulcus terminalis; each papilla is surrounded by a circular trench (fossa) having a slightly raised outer wall (vallum); on the sides of the vallate papilla and the opposed margin of the vallum are numerous taste buds.
Synonym(s): papilla vallata [TA] , circumvallate papillae.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


(pa-pil'a) (pa-pil'e?, i?) plural.papillae [L. papilla, nipple, teat]
A small nipple-like protuberance or elevation.

Bergmeister's papilla

See: Bergmeister's papilla

circumvallate papilla

Any of the large papillae near the base on the dorsal aspect of the tongue, arranged in a V-shape. The taste buds are located in the epithelium of the trench surrounding the papilla. Synonym: vallate papilla

clavate papilla

Fungiform papilla.

conical papilla

1. Any of the papillae on the dorsum of the tongue.
2. Any of the papillae in the ridgelike projections of the dermis.
Synonym: papilla of corium

papilla of corium

Conical papilla (2).

dental papilla

A mass of connective tissue that becomes enclosed by the developing enamel organ. It gives rise to dentin and dental pulp.

dermal papilla

Any of the small elevations of the corium that indent the inner surface of the epidermis.

duodenal papilla

Papilla of Vater.

filiform papilla

Any of the very slender papillae at the tip of the tongue.

foliate papilla

Any of the folds in the sides of the tongue. They are rudimentary papillae.

fungiform papilla

Any of the broad flat papillae resembling a mushroom, chiefly found on the dorsal central area of the tongue.
Synonym: clavate papilla

gingival papilla

The gingivae that fill the spaces between adjacent teeth. They are rudimentary papillae.

gustatory papilla

Taste papilla of tongue; one of those possessing a taste bud. Synonym: taste papilla

papilla of hair

A conical process of the corium that projects into the undersurface of a hair bulb. It contains capillaries that nourish the hair root.
Synonym: papilla pili

incisive papilla

A small bump in the mucosa above and just forward of the incisive foramen at the very front of the hard palate. The papilla is used as an injection site when anesthetizing the nasopalatine nerve. Synonym: palatine papilla

interdental papilla

The triangular part of the gingivae that fills the area between adjacent teeth. The papilla includes free gingiva and attached gingiva and projections seen from the lingual, buccal, or labial sides of the tooth. Synonym: interproximal papilla

interproximal papilla

Interdental papilla.

lacrimal papilla

An elevation in the medial edge of each eyelid, in the center of which is the opening of the lacrimal duct.

lenticular papilla

A small rounded elevation underlying lymphatic nodules in the mucosa of the root of the tongue.

lingual papilla

Any of the papillae covering the anterior two thirds of the tongue. These include circumvallate, filiform, fungiform, and conical papillae.

papilla mammae

The nipple of the mammary gland.

optic papilla

Blind spot (1).

palatine papilla

Incisive papilla.

parotid papilla

The projections around the opening of the parotid duct into the oral cavity.

papilla pili

Papilla of hair.

renal papilla

The apex of a renal pyramid in the kidney, enclosed by a calyx of the renal pelvis.

tactile papilla

A dermal papilla that contains a sensory receptor for touch.

taste papilla

Gustatory papilla.

urethral papilla

The small projection in the vestibule of the female perineum at the entrance of the urethra.

vallate papilla

Circumvallate papilla.

papilla of Vater

See: Vater, Abraham
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinically, median rhomboid glossitis manifests as a well-delineated erytbematous area located along the midline posterior dorsal tongue just anterior to the circumvallate papillae (figure 1).
The site of the fistula is determined by placing a hemostat at the midline of the base of the tongue behind the circumvallate papillae and palpating it through the skin surface of the neck.