female genital cutting

(redirected from Circumcision, female)
The disfigurement and/or removal of parts of the external female genitalia which is performed in many Central and West African countries and required for tribal identity; female ‘circumcision’ has deeply rooted cultural significance; male circumcision is a symbol of religious and ethnic identity, female circumcision is linked to a woman’s sexuality and her reproductive role in society

female genital cutting

Partial or complete surgical removal of the clitoris, a traditional practice in some African, Middle Eastern, and Southeast Asian cultures. The cutting usually is performed between the ages of 1 week and 14 years. The procedure is performed by nonmedical personnel without benefit of anesthesia or sterile conditions. The most common procedures are removal of the clitoral prepuce, excision of the clitoris, removal of the labia minora and sometimes most of the labia majora. The two sides may be sutured together to occlude the vagina. Possible immediate complications include infection, tetanus, shock, hemorrhage, and death. The possible long-term physical and mental disabilities include chronic pelvic infection, keloids, vulvar abscesses, sterility, incontinence, depression, anxiety, sexual dysfunction, and obstetric complications.
Synonym: female circumcision; female genital mutilation; infibulation (2).
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike male circumcision, female genital mutilation is done specifically to eliminate the pleasure a woman can derive from intercourse.
Other award winning contributions at the Summit were on topics like circumcision, female genital mutilation and terrorism, a personal look at issues of HIV and AIDS, gender-based violence through a man's eyes, women in politics and decision-making, and on taboo issues such as menstruation and women in the shebeen business.
of Cape Town, South Africa) compiles a group of 13 essays by internationally based scholars in medical ethics, law, health policy, and philosophy, who weigh the harms, benefits, and ethics involving morally contested surgeries: male circumcision, female genital cutting, sex assignment and reassignment, conjoined twins separation, limb and face transplantation, and cosmetic and placebo surgeries.