circulatory arrest

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cir·cu·la·to·ry ar·rest

1. cessation of the circulation of blood as a result of ventricular standstill or fibrillation.
2. intentional cessation of circulation by temporarily stopping cardiopulmonary bypass flow during certain thoracic aortic operations; used with intentional profound total-body hypothermia to protect vital organs.


pertaining to circulation.

circulatory arrest
see cardiac arrest.
circulatory collapse
shock; circulatory insufficiency without congestive heart failure.
circulatory failure
includes cardiac or central circulatory failure and peripheral circulatory failure. Although the mechanisms, causes and clinical syndromes are different the pathogenesis is the same, the circulatory system fails to maintain the supply of oxygen and other nutrients to the tissues and to remove the carbon dioxide and other metabolites from them. The failure may be hypovolemic, distributive.
circulatory response
changes in the cardiac and vascular functions in response to such factors as emotional stress, physical exercise, temperature change.
circulatory shock
see shock.
circulatory support
see extracorporeal circulation.
circulatory system
the major system concerned with the movement of blood and lymph; it consists of the heart and blood vessels. The circulatory system transports to the tissues and organs of the body the oxygen, nutritive substances, immune substances, hormones and chemicals necessary for normal function and activities; it also carries away waste products and carbon dioxide. It helps to regulate body temperature and helps maintain normal water and electrolyte balance.
The rate of blood flow through the vessels depends upon several factors: force of the heartbeat, rate of the heartbeat, venous return and control of the arterioles and capillaries by chemical, neural and thermal stimuli.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypothermic circulatory arrest is not a risk factor for neurologic morbidity in aortic surgery: A propensity score analysis.
He presented a proof-of-principle study in which he trained 115 patients to recognize the prodrome of sudden circulatory arrest and initiate self-resuscitative cough CPR.
Due to the small number of infants who had deep hypothermic circulatory arrest during the surgical procedure, it was not possible to determine the influence of this variable on postoperative oral feeding difficulty.
These include new hypothermia techniques, new priming protocols of the coronary bypass pump, the use of retrograde cerebral perfusion, the use low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass instead of circulatory arrest, and the use of aprotinin at the end of bypass surgery Aprotinin is a serine protease inhibitor thought to reduce the risk of stroke.
Antegrade selective cerebral perfusion (ASCP), an adjunctive technique to deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), has been applied for cerebral protection during aortic arch repair surgery.
Cardiovascular operation using deep hypothermia with total circulatory arrest for aortic repair may be associated with an even higher risk of fetal mortality.
Due to an unclampable aorta, aortic no-touch techniques, such as in situ arterial grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump CABG), apicoaortic conduit, endoaortic balloon or Foley catheter occlusion, and aortic valve replacement under profound hypothermic circulatory arrest are different surgical options.
9) Clamping time, min 32 (2) 29 (5) Circulatory arrest time, min 39 (4) 41 (3) NICU stay, days 8.
In the report DuBois said that controlled DCDD raises issues regarding the withdrawal of ventilation, determination of the length of waiting time following circulatory arrest, and the use of heparin.
SAN FRANCISCO -- Therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest appears to be of particular benefit in patients with ventricular fibrillation and those with a short duration of circulatory arrest, according to a poster presented by Dr.
Among many innovations by its medical staff, Barrow surgeons and scientists helped pioneer the hypothermic circulatory arrest, a surgery now used worldwide in treating complex aneurysms.