ciguatera

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ciguatera

 [se″gwah-ta´rah]
a form of fish poisoning, marked by gastrointestinal and neurologic symptoms due to ingestion of tropical or subtropical marine fish such as the barracuda, grouper, or snapper that have ciguatoxin in their tissues.

ci·gua·te·ra

(sē'gwă-tār'ă),
An acute toxic syndrome with predominantly gastrointestinal and neuromuscular features induced by ingestion of the flesh or viscera of various marine fish of the Caribbean and tropic Pacific reefs that contain ciguatoxin. The lipid-soluble, heat-stable toxin is produced by the dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus, which is epiphytic on red and brown algae. Herbivorous fish foraging on reef algae consume the flagellates and are in turn consumed by carnivorous fish, the toxin becoming increasingly concentrated as it passes up the food chain. Some 400 species of fish have been associated with human intoxication. Symptoms come on 3-12 hours after exposure and include vomiting and diarrhea, myalgia, dysesthesia and paraesthesia of the extremities and perioral region, pruritus, headache, weakness, and diaphoresis. Toxic effects usually resolve spontaneously in about 1 week.
[Sp. fr. cigua, sea snail]

ciguatera

(sē′gwə-tĕr′ə)
n.
Poisoning caused by ingesting fish contaminated with ciguatoxin, characterized by gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms. Also called ciguatera fish poisoning, ciguatera poisoning.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first harmful algal species were recorded on Madeira in 2002, and in 2007 the first case of ciguatera fish poisoning was reported for the Selvagens islands (Otero et al., 2010, and references therein).
Ciguatera Fish Poisoning causes severe gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms in people.
Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP), caused by the ingestion of predatory reef-dwelling fish harboring ciguatoxins is one of the most commonly reported fish-associated marine intoxications.
Invasive lionfish (Pterosis volitans): A potential human health threat for ciguatera fish poisoning in tropical waters.
Ciguatera fish poisoning and climate change: analysis of National Poison Center data in the United States, 2001-2011.
Ciguatera fish poisoning: A double-blind randomized trial of mannitol therapy.
The epidemiology of ciguatera fish poisoning. Toxicon.
Scheuer got close look at marine toxins research when recruited for multidisciplinary UH team tackling ciguatera fish poisoning problem.
The ailment is ciguatera fish poisoning, which can produce an array of frightening symptoms--the only effective treatment for which must be given in its early stages.