HDL-C results become more variable (both positive and negative biases) when abnormal amounts of lipoproteins such as VLDL and chylomicrons
The rest comes from remnants of chylomicrons
and of VLDL.
Data showed that breakdown of chylomicrons
produced after meals was greatly and significantly improved at both 14 and 52 weeks following one-time Glybera administration.
In uncontrolled diabetes, increased lipid metabolism mobilizes fat stores and increases VLDL and chylomicrons
The lipoprotein classification includes chylomicron
, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
The best recognized role of apo E in lipid metabolism is as a ligand for receptor mediated clearance of chylomicron
and VLDL remnants.
Postoperative chylothorax was confirmed by the presence of chylomicrons
in the pleural effusion and triglyceride levels above 6.
Future studies should be aimed at assessing the metabolic machinery of the Fulani population, particularly their ability to incorporate dietary TFAs into chylomicrons
and to clear TFAs from the blood circulation.
Lipolysis of triglycerides (requiring PEPCK) from lipoprotein fractions, such as chylomicrons
and VLDLs, is the source of the glycerol for adipocytes.
TAG is then packaged into chylomicrons
and passed in the lymph and bloodstream for storage as fat, or eventually to the liver for lipid degradation and/or synthesis.
The VLDL-Cholesterol and, if present, Chylomicrons
and [beta]-VLDL-Cholesterol, will accumulate in a floating layer, with the infranant containing primarily LDL-Cholesterol and HDL-Cholesterol plus any IDL-Cholesterol and Lp(a) that may be present.
When absorbed within the intestinal cells, the FAs are re-esterified to triglycerides and integrated into lipid transport particles called chylomicrons
, together with cholesterol.