chronic kidney disease

(redirected from Chronic renal disease)
Also found in: Acronyms.

chronic kidney disease

A condition defined as either:
(1) Kidney damage for = 3 months, defined by structural or functional renal abnormalities with or without a reduced glomerular filtration rate, manifest by either:
• Pathological abnormalities, or
• Markers of kidney damage, including abnormalities in the composition of the blood or urine, or abnormalities in imaging tests;
(2) GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for = 3 months, with or without kidney damage.
 
Workup
Serum creatinine for GFR, protein to creatinine ratio, examine urine sediment or dipstick for red cells, WBCs, imaging of kidneys, serum electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl-, bicarbonate).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

chronic kidney disease

,

CKD

Any illness in which kidney function remains diminished for a long period of time. CKD is defined as > 30 mg of urinary albumin excretion per gram of urinary creatinine, or a glomerular filtration rate of < 60mL/min/1.73m2 and includes both end-stage renal disease and improper functioning of kidney transplants. “Renal insufficiency” is a less-preferred term.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
A total of 176 Chronic Renal Disease patients (117 male and 59 female patients with average age of 67.5 years) who underwent haemodialysis were tested, out of which 45 patients (25.56%) came positive for anti-HCV antibody and 43 (24.43%) came positive for HCV RNA; 25 patients (18.79%) were anti-HCV antibody positive, but negative for HCV RNA; 10 patients (23.25%) were anti-HCV negative but positive for HCV RNA.
A frequent risk factor in our study included patients with chronic renal disease. Since our hospital is a regional center for the diagnosis and care of patients in need of renal replacement therapy or a renal transplant it is responsible for a large population that is affected by this underlying illness.
Publication biases of the influence of high-flux hemodialysis and low-flux hemodialysis on the all- cause death rate and cardiovascular death rate of patients with chronic renal disease. HD: hemodialysis.
All patients in the advanced chronic renal disease clinic were studied.
Hyperhomocysteinemia has been implicated as potential trigger of atherosclerotic complications in patients with chronic renal disease. End stage renal Disease (ESRD) patients exhibit elevated plasma homo-cysteine levels6.
In a prospective randomized human clinical trial in patients with chronic renal disease, the cardiovascular effects of oral administration of vitamin K2 (MenaQ7 brand) plus vitamin D or vitamin D alone were evaluated.
[USPRwire, Tue Oct 01 2013] Chronic kidney disease (CKD), or chronic renal disease, is an asymptomatic, long-term condition that damages the kidneys and leads to the loss of kidney function over time.
TROPONIN LEVELS and chronic renal disease, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary embolism, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sepsis, or acute ischemic stroke have a 2-to 5-fold increased risk of death, even in the absence of known cardiovascular disease (TABLE) (1-6) (strength of recommendation: B, meta-analysis, multiple prospective and retrospective observational studies.)
However, in SARS, the majority of cases (96 percent) occurred in people with underlying chronic medical conditions including diabetes (68 percent), high blood pressure (34 percent), chronic heart disease (28 percent), and chronic renal disease (49 percent).
(4) It is well known that end stage renal disease patients are at highest risk of mortality due to cardiovascular disease as was observed by Foley, in his study on epidemiology of CVD in chronic renal disease. (15) In this study mean age of patients was 50 years.

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