karyotype

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Related to Chromosome banding: G banding

karyotype

 [kar´e-o-tīp]
the chromosomal constitution of the cell nucleus; by extension, the photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged. See also illustration at chromosome.
Preparation of a karyotype. From Mueller and Young, 2001.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

kar·y·o·type

(kar'ē-ō-tīp),
The chromosome characteristics of an individual cell or of a cell line arranged in descending order of size and according to the position of the centromere. Usually presented as a systematized array of metaphase chromosomes from a photomicrograph of a single cell nucleus.
Synonym(s): idiogram (1) , karyogram
[karyo- + G. typos, model]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

karyotype

(kăr′ē-ə-tīp′)
n.
1. The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes.
2. A photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification.
tr.v. karyo·typed, karyo·typing, karyo·types
To classify and array (the chromosome complement of an organism or a species) according to the arrangement, number, size, shape, or other characteristics of the chromosomes.

kar′y·o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk), kar′y·o·typ′i·cal adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

kar·y·o·type

(kar'ē-ō-tīp)
The chromosome characteristics of an individual cell or of a cell line, usually presented as a systematized array of metaphase chromosomes from a photomicrograph of a single cell nucleus arranged in pairs in descending order of size and according to the position of the centromere.
Synonym(s): idiogram (1) .
[karyo- + G. typos, model]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

karyotype

1. The individual chromosomal complement of a person or species. The genome.
2. The CHROMOSOMES of an individual set out in a standard pattern and obtained from a photomicrograph taken in METAPHASE that has been edited with software so that the separate chromosomes are arranged in numerical order. This is done for the diagnosis of chromosomal disorders, as in prenatal detection of fetal abnormality.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

karyotype

the CHROMOSOME complement of a cell or organism, characterized by the number, size and configuration of the chromosomes as seen during metaphase of MITOSIS.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Karyotype

A standard arrangement of photographic or computer-generated images of chromosome pairs from a cell in ascending numerical order, from largest to smallest.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

kar·y·o·type

(kar'ē-ō-tīp)
The chromosome characteristics of an individual cell or of a cell line, usually presented as a systematized array of metaphase chromosomes from a photomicrograph of a single cell nucleus arranged in pairs in descending order of size and according to the position of the centromere.
Synonym(s): idiogram (1) .
[karyo- + G. typos, model]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
2014a: Comparison of the chromosome banding pattern in the 2n = 56 cytotypes of Nannospalax leucodon and N.
ATTA SPECIES STUDIED TO DATE, LOCALITIES, DIPLOID CHROMOSOME NUMBER (2N) AND CHROMOSOME BANDING DATA (FLUOROCHROMES--FL AND C-BANDING-CB) STUDIED IN BRAZIL: MINAS GERAIS (MG), RIO GRANDE DO SUL (RS); PANAMA: BARRO COLORADO AND THE RESPECTIVE SUBGENERA ACCORDING TO THE MOLECULAR PHYLOGENY BY BACCI ET AL.
Chromosome treatment with HaeIII produced specific banding patterns for all chromosomal pairs, confirming the efficiency of this restriction enzyme for chromosome banding in oysters.
Karyotype characterization of Crotalaria juncea (L.) by chromosome banding and physical mapping of 18S-5.8S-26S and 5S rRNA gene sites.
New techniques, such as amplification of minisatellite-region DNA (40) and short tandem repeat profiling, (41) which are faster and more precise than older techniques such as chromosome banding, have not been widely adopted in a standardized, universal fashion.
Most of the cytogenetic studies in oysters so far have focused on karyotyping, chromosome banding, and NOR (nucleolar organizer regions) staining in Ostrea species (Insua and Thiriot-Quievreux, 1991; Li and Havenhand, 1997).
Chromosome banding studies have shown that it is possible to identify individual chromosomes of M.
Good chromosome banding was obtained after 2 ruin of treatment.
Phylogenetic relationships between six species based upon polytene chromosome banding sequences.
Research on the genome size of other abalone species in general and specifically South African species, combined with chromosome banding techniques, could provide more insight into the evolution of this genus.
Important progress in this field has been previously undertaken for marine Pteriomorphia and Heterodonta species using conventional chromosome banding (Martinez et al.
KEY WORDS: Cerastoderma edule, chromosome banding, in situ restriction enzyme banding, Ruditapes decussatus, veneroid

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