Christian Science


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Related to Christian Science: Mary Baker Eddy, Jehovah witness

Christian Science

A religious and healing doctrine established in 1879 by Mary Baker Eddy (1824–1910), Christian Science therapy for the sick consists of “heartfelt, yet disciplined prayer” by members of the Christian Science Church in lieu of drugs or measures used in mainstream medicine to alleviate pain.

Christian Science impact on medicine 
• Christian Science parents may override a physician’s medical judgement in the care of minor children, with potentially fatal consequences. 
• Christian Scientists are difficult to treat, especially as unconscious victims of trauma, as they may refuse therapy (e.g., blood transfusion) deemed appropriate by conventional medical standards; if such therapy is administered, the team may be charged with assault and battery.
• Religious exemption statutes may allow healers to perform their services without liability and at standards of practice at variance to those expected of physicians. 
• Healing has been billed to insurance companies, Medicare or Medicaid.
• Longevity studies have shown that Christian Scientists have a shorter lifespan than age- and education-matched non-Christian Scientists, despite not smoking or drinking alcohol.

Christian Science

A system of religious teaching based on Christian Scientists' interpretation of Scripture, founded in 1866 by Mary Baker Eddy. The system emphasizes healing of disease by mental and spiritual means.
References in periodicals archive ?
As far as healing in the area of social justice is concerned, Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the Christian Science Church, established The Christian Science Monitor in 1908 as a daily international newspaper that was written and edited to address global issues that affect humanity toward the goal of healing them.
A informs his psychiatrist that he plans to stop his antipsychotic when the commitment ends and to pursue treatment with his Christian Science practitioner via prayer.
No study has been done charting circulation and transfer among these groups, but when Gestefeld joined Eddy under her Christian Science banner, she brought with her a mystical religiosity bespeaking an esoteric background.
Christian Science Monitor, a leading international newspaper, had over 175,000 subscribers in 1988 and 53,000 in 2005, but only 15,000 of the more recent tally of subscribers were members of the church.
The Bible and the Christian Science text-book, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures by Mary Baker Eddy are the pastor for the Churches of Christ, Scientist, worldwide.
Christian Science theology had trained us to believe that physicians don't really heal--at best, they only relieve symptoms; the underlying cause of the disease remains a moral problem that God alone can solve.
CHILD argued that Christian Science nursing cannot be a subset of medical care because it is done by unlicensed persons with no medical training and no supervision by physicians.
CHRISTIAN Science was founded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1866.
By 1991, she writes, the respected Christian Science Monitor was a fading newspaper, and the Christian Science Publishing Society sought to diversify and reposition itself, in part through a CNN-style news network.
By the time of her Southern California youth in the 1950s and 60s, the Christian Science of her mother and grandmother was an anachronism, a nineteenth-century religion whose central tenet - the rejection of medical materialism in favor of the idea that illness is based on false belief - evolved when the transfer of authority from the clergy to the medical profession (so natural to me as a child) was still a new idea.
No scholar has written as perceptively about Mary Baker Eddy and the development of Christian Science, which she strategically links with Freud.
As a member of a hospital ethics committee in a city with a very large Christian Science population, I have seen firsthand the stalemate between Christian Scientists and physicians, especially concerning the treatment of Christian Science children.

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