chloroplast(redirected from Chloroplasty)
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the photosynthetic unit of a plant cell, containing all the chlorophyll.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
A plant cell inclusion body containing chlorophyll; occurs in cells of leaves and young stems. Site of photosynthesis in higher plants.
[chloro- + G. plastos, formed]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
chloroplasta type of PLASTID containing CHLOROPHYLL found within the cells of plant leaves and stems. The chlorophyll is packed within granules called quantasomes which are located in the walls of flattened sacs called LAMELLAE or thylakoids. The lamellae lie closely together in certain areas to form grana and are more separate in the intergranal regions. LIGHT REACTIONS of photosynthesis are thought to take place in the quantasomes while DARK REACTIONS occur in the watery matrix surrounding the lamellae, the stroma.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005