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the addition of chlorine to water or sewage to kill germs. Liquid chlorine has been found to be the most effective water disinfectant, and is almost invariably used in the United States for the purification of both public water supplies and swimming pools.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


The addition of various chlorinated compounds to water as a disinfectant for drinking and recreational water. While liquid chlorine (Cl2) is the most commonly used disinfectant due to its ease of transportation, it is being replaced by sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution, as Cl2 is highly toxic.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


Public health Addition of chlorinated compounds to drinking water as disinfectants. Cf Ozonation.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Treatment with chlorine or a chlorine compound.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about chlorination

Q. Are throat nodulars caused by second hand smoke, allergy drip, and reflux. Also can chlorine and rust in water

A. Throat nodules, or also known as - vocal cord nodules, are usually caused by maximum contact between the two vocal cords. The cause of these formations are usually strenuous or abusive voice practices such as yelling and coughing. Persons who are often susceptible are those who use their voice constantly in a loud environment. Examples include teachers, cheerleaders, politicians, actors, musicians and singers. I am not sure I understand the question about chlorine and rust in water, I don't think these factors have a connection to vocal cord nodules. Other throat nodules can be cause by smoking (not as much in second hand smoke), alcohol or chewed tobbacco use.

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References in periodicals archive ?
They help to remove all traces of sea, sand and chlorinated water. To further protect your hair, a deep moisturising conditioner is essential as your hair is always drier on holiday and prone to breakage.
If analysis of the water swallowing variable was restricted to those who specified chlorinated water, the association remained highly significant in the model (p=0.006, OR 3.9, 95% CI 1.3 to 11.4).
Recently, several epidemiologic studies have examined the associations between the consumption of chlorinated water and adverse pregnancy outcomes (16--24).
"I am quite convinced, based on this study, that there is an association between cancer and chlorinated water," says Robert D.
poultry that has been processed using chlorinated water, which helps control potentially pathogenic microorganisms and is considered safe and effective by U.S.
Rates of illness are reported for the first site before and after initiation of filtration and ozonation, a second site in the same city drinking unfiltered but chlorinated water, and an uncontaminated ground water control.
The exhibition will run until the effects of the chlorinated water on the images mean they are no longer suitable for underwater viewing at the Institute Road leisure centre.
As a child, I became sick from mercury amalgam fillings, from chlorinated water, from cortisone prescribed for rashes, and from pesticide exposure in my childhood home.
For example, an Environmental Protection Agency study showed that drinking highly chlorinated water "subtly but noticeably shifted" a mouse's transport of cholesterol from high-density lipoproteins (the "good" lipoproteins) in the blood to the "bad" low-density lipoproteins, which foster atherosclerosis (SN: 6/3/89, p.342).
Erwan further apprised that apart from the said services MSF was also particularly focused on arranging clean drinking water for flood-hit people and in that regard as many as 15,000 people in Sukkur and Jamshoro were being provided purified and chlorinated water every day.
After adjusting for age and other possible confounding factors, Zeighami found mean cholesterol levels about 4 percent higher (248 milligrams per deciliter) in women who drank municipally chlorinated water than in women drinking unchlorinated well water.