chloride

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chloride

 [klor´īd]
a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd),
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chloride

/chlo·ride/ (klor´īd) a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine in which the latter is the negative element.

chloride

[klôr′īd]
Etymology: Gk, chloros, green
an anion of chlorine. Metal chlorides are salts of hydrochloric acid; the most common is sodium chloride (table salt).

chloride

Elemental chlorine that gained an electron and thus has a valence of –1; it is an essential electrolyte found in all body fluids, and is critical for maintaining pH, regulating fluids and the electrolyte balance, and digesting food.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, (e.g., salts of hydrochloric acid).

chloride

1. a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.
2. the principal anion in extracellular fluid and gastric juice.
Because of its domination of the anions in extracellular and intravascular fluid, it has profound importance for acid-base balance and for the regulation of osmotic pressure in these fluid compartments.

chloride pump
an active secretory process at a barrier membrane that facilitates the transfer of chloride ions across the membrane.
chloride shift
diffusion of chloride ions from the plasma into the erythrocytes to compensate for the loss of bicarbonate ions from the cells as a result of carbon dioxide metabolism. Called also Hamburger shift.
References in periodicals archive ?
The plants remove pathogens and viruses -- things that make you sick -- but do not remove chloride.
More than 10 tables and diagrams provide data on foreign trade of magnesium chlorides in over 100 countries.
Germany share in world trade of magnesium chlorides
Even streams in rural areas with just a few roads have chloride concentrations significantly higher than those in roadfree regions.
At the present rate of increase, the chloride concentration in streams at many sites in the Northeast will exceed 250 mg/l by century's end, Groffman and his colleagues project.
Ventura officials are asking the board to maintain its objective of allowing 100 milligrams of chloride per liter for the waterway, saying the higher level could harm citrus, avocado and other crops along the river.
While the plants can remove many pollutants, they are not designed to remove chloride.
Health officials say vinyl chloride can cause damage to the immune, nervous and circulatory systems; the liver; and the brain.
And a California Occupational Safety and Health Administration spokeswoman said the company was recently cited for polyvinyl chloride exposure that was 22 times above the allowable exposure levels.
The Simi Valley City Council on Monday plans to urge the Los Angeles Water Quality Control Board to instead set a more reasonable level for chlorides at its Feb.
SANTA CLARITA - A proposal designed to lower the amount of chloride in the Santa Clara River could add as much as $480 to residents' yearly sanitation bills.
Meanwhile, Ventura County farmers downstream from Valencia continue a campaign to restrict the amount of chloride released into the river - too much of the compound in the soil is harmful to avocados and citrus - though meeting state standards could mean more than $350 million in facility upgrades, which could mean higher sewage rates for local residents.