chloride

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chloride

 [klor´īd]
a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd),
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chloride

/chlo·ride/ (klor´īd) a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine in which the latter is the negative element.

chloride

[klôr′īd]
Etymology: Gk, chloros, green
an anion of chlorine. Metal chlorides are salts of hydrochloric acid; the most common is sodium chloride (table salt).

chloride

Elemental chlorine that gained an electron and thus has a valence of –1; it is an essential electrolyte found in all body fluids, and is critical for maintaining pH, regulating fluids and the electrolyte balance, and digesting food.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, (e.g., salts of hydrochloric acid).

chloride

1. a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.
2. the principal anion in extracellular fluid and gastric juice.
Because of its domination of the anions in extracellular and intravascular fluid, it has profound importance for acid-base balance and for the regulation of osmotic pressure in these fluid compartments.

chloride pump
an active secretory process at a barrier membrane that facilitates the transfer of chloride ions across the membrane.
chloride shift
diffusion of chloride ions from the plasma into the erythrocytes to compensate for the loss of bicarbonate ions from the cells as a result of carbon dioxide metabolism. Called also Hamburger shift.
References in periodicals archive ?
The cement paste containing chlorides ranging from 0.
3]A may increase the chemical reactivity with chlorides in terms of stabilization of free chlorides into Friedel's salt, of which the reactivity in turn affects chloride transport, resulting in the formation of further surface chloride.
The plants remove pathogens and viruses -- things that make you sick -- but do not remove chloride.
5 g of sodium chloride (NaCl) into basic blends, MK1 and MK2, results in increase of chlorine content in the blends at 0.
5 g of sodium chloride (NaCl) was applied together with sulphur compounds to the majority of tested blends in order to observe more clearly the interactions between chlorine and sulphur compounds in the process under investigation.
It also assesses the dynamics of the country's foreign trade in magnesium chlorides in 2002-2010.
Groffman and his colleagues found that a stream's average chloride concentration is closely correlated with the percentage of the surrounding area that's covered by roads and other impervious surfaces.
SANTA CLARITA - Ventura County officials oppose a revision by water quality experts that would allow higher limits of chloride into the Santa Clara River - possibly affecting agriculture - but would also offset a potential increase in taxes for Santa Clarita residents.
Health officials say vinyl chloride can cause damage to the immune, nervous and circulatory systems; the liver; and the brain.
Regional board staff members are proposing a 110 parts-per-million chloride standard, down from the existing 190 parts-per-million standard.
24 on whether to require the Valencia and Saugus water reclamation plants to reduce the maximum level of chloride in the river to about 90 to 100 milligrams per liter from 190 milligrams per liter.
The regional water board has scheduled a hearing on the alleged discharge and the chloride issue July 13.