chloride

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chloride

 [klor´īd]
a salt of hydrochloric acid; any binary compound of chlorine.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd),
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

chloride

Elemental chlorine that gained an electron and thus has a valence of –1; it is an essential electrolyte found in all body fluids, and is critical for maintaining pH, regulating fluids and the electrolyte balance, and digesting food.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

chlo·ride

(klōr'īd)
A compound containing chlorine, (e.g., salts of hydrochloric acid).
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Guidelines for chloride ion penetrability based on charge passed (ASTM C1202 1993).
The water permeability resistance increased with decreasing chloride ion penetration in the mixes containing macrosynthetic fiber, while the chloride ion penetration resistance improved with increasing fiber volume fraction.
On comparing Figures 10, 11, and 12, it can be seen that the higher the concrete quality is, the more the rate of chloride ion infiltration decreases.
Whenever the threshold amount of diffused chloride ions at reinforcement was reached, a thin oxide layer so called "passivation film" could be broken down [3].
Equation (6) allows the solution for D once the chloride ion flux is determined assuming that the voltage drop across the cell is linear, the chloride concentration is constant in the cell (steady state conditions have been reached), and the heating of the solution and concrete is negligible [15, 16].
Water Soluble Chloride Ion Content (ASTM C-1218M [9])
presented an appropriate method to determine chloride ion diffusion coefficient suitable for in situ, which was based on the relationship between the chloride ion diffusion coefficient and the alternating current impedance spectroscopy parameters.
Caption: Figure 4: Final and initial current values of the Memristor's responses reported in Figure 3 for a progressive lowering of chloride ion content in the polyelectrolyte.
Durability description of plain and fibre resistant concrete and conformist concrete were assess in terms of water absorption, porosity, sorptivity, abrasion resistance, resistance to chemical attack, resistance to alternate wetting and drying and chloride ion penetrability.
The chloride ions reaching the steel participate in electrochemical reactions that break down the passivating layer on the steel surface.
Rust decreases the cross-sectional area of the reinforced concrete and thus reduces the adhesive power of the steel reinforcements and the cover concrete as the polymer generated by chloride ions. As a result, chloride-induced corrosion is a major cause of reduction in the durability life of structures built in coastal areas [3, 4].