Chlamydophila pneumoniae


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Chla·myd·o·phil·a pneu·mo·ni·ae

(klă-midō-filă nū-mōnē-ē)
A species that causes pneumonia and upper and lower respiratorydisease. Also called Chlamydia pneumoniae (q.v.), TWAR.

Chlamydophila pneumoniae

A species of Chlamydophila that is an important cause of pneumonia, bronchitis, and sinusitis. It is believed to be transmitted from person to person by respiratory tract secretions (e.g., by airborne droplets). Most cases are mild and rarely require hospitalization. It is possible that this organism is a factor in the development of coronary artery disease.

Treatment

Treatment consists of daily tetracycline, macrolide, or fluoroquinolone for 14 to 21 days.

See also: Chlamydophila

Chlamydophila

a genus of obligately intracellular bacteria in the family Chlamydiaceae. Members were previously in the genus Chlamydia.

Chlamydophila abortus
causes enzootic abortion of ewes. Previously called Chlamydia psittaci.
Chlamydophila caviae
causes conjunctivitis in guinea pigs. Previously called Chlamydia psittaci.
Chlamydophila felis
cause of upper respiratory tract disease, principally involving conjunctivitis, in cats. Also recovered from the reproductive tract, where its pathogenic significance is uncertain. Previously called Chlamydia psittaci.
Chlamydophila pecorum
causes sporadic bovine encephalomyelitis, but also associated with enteritis, polyarthritis, pneumonia and conjunctivitis in ruminants, and reproductive tract disease in koalas. Previously classified as Chlamydia psittaci and C. pecorum. Conjunctivitis in sheep previously attributed to Colesiota conjunctivae.
Chlamydophila pneumoniae
different biovars infect horses, koalas and humans. Pathogenic significance in koalas and horses is uncertain, but in humans it is a significant cause of pneumonia. Previously classified as Chlamydia psittaci and C. pneumoniae.
Chlamydophila psittaci
cause of psittacosis and ornithosis, systemic disease of psittacine and other avian species, including domestic poultry. Zoonotic. Previously called Chlamydia psittaci.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Panel detects 21 clinically-relevant viral and bacterial respiratory pathogens, including the atypical bacteria Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila.
1) 1 NA MERS-CoV 0 NA NA Bacteria Chlamydophila pneumoniae 1 (0.
The incriminated infectious agents reported to date are rubella, Echovirus 7, mumps, cytomegalovirus, parainfluenza, coxsackievirus, adenovirus, influenza A, human herpes virus 6, hepatitis B, parvovirus B19, Epstein-Barr virus, Yersinia enterocolitica, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Brucella abortus, and Borrelia burgdorferi.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Streptococcus pneumoniae, are also associated with significant morbidity and mortality.
Purchase of reagent kits for detection of respiratory bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Bordetella pertussis, Bordetella parapertussis and Legionella pneumophila.
Demonstration of Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Cytomegalovirus, and Epstein-Barr virus in atherosclerotic coronary arteries, nonrheumatic calcific aortic and rheumatic stenotic mitral valves by polymerase chain reaction.
Macrolide antibiotics, such as azithromycin and clarithromycin, have been used for years to treat humans with Chlamydia trachomatis or Chlamydophila pneumoniae infections.
influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae are the main causative agents in CAP that does not require hospitalization [13,14].
Chronic infections of Chlamydophila pneumoniae are now being found to correlate with an increased risk of lung cancer (Koyi 2001, Kocazeybek 2003, Anttila 2003).
These include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
acquired pneumonia due to Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae,
Furthermore, a significant proportion of CABP cases are caused by the 'atypical agents', mainly Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila.