On the other hand, atypical pneumonia is due to fastidious organisms, such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydophila pneumoniae
, and Chlamydia psittaci (14), representing up to 22% of all cases.
Limited utility of culture for Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae
for diagnosis of respiratory tract infections.
Arthrogenicity of the bacterial deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid from Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydophila pneumoniae
and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis can be confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test of the synovial fluid of patients with ReA .
Community-acquired pneumonia by Chlamydophila pneumoniae
: A clinical and incidence study in Brazil.
Comparison of sputum and nasopharyngeal swab specimens for molecular diagnosis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae
, and Legionella pneumophila.
pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumoniae or Chlamydophila pneumoniae
. The most frequent pathogen isolates were: S.
Acute Respiratory Infection by Chlamydophila pneumoniae
and Mycoplasma pneumoniae in a Population of Older Adults in Colombia
According to a study by Levent Erkan et al 2008,  pathogens most commonly demonstrated in COPD were: Haemophilus influenzae (30%), Chlamydophila pneumoniae
(17%), and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (9%).
Biofire Respiratory Panel--can simultaneously detect Adenovirus, Coronaviruses, Metapneumovirus, Rhinovirus, Enterovirus, Influenza viruses, Parainfluenza viruses, Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Bordatella perstussis, Chlamydophila pneumoniae
, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Single RT-PCR for detection of human metapneumovirus, human coronavirus- (HCoV-) 229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-HKU1, human bocavirus, Chlamydophila pneumoniae
, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila was used as described previously [22-27].
For example, there is evidence that Chlamydophila pneumoniae
may promote differentiation of preadipocyte cells into mature fat cells and be possibly associated with development of metabolic syndrome, fatty liver, or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis .