Chlamydia


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Related to Chlamydia: syphilis, gonorrhea

Chlamydia

 [klah-mid´e-ah]
a widespread genus of gram-negative, nonmotile bacteria. They are obligate intracellular parasites that are totally dependent on the host cell for energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which they cannot synthesize. Outside a host they exist as elementary bodies that have a rigid cell wall and are unable to grow and divide. The elementary bodies attach to the host cells and are taken in by phagocytosis. Inside the phagosome they become reticulate bodies that have flexible cell walls and are able to grow and divide. Subsequent release of elementary bodies and lysis of the host cell permit infection of surrounding cells.

The genus Chlamydia contains two species, C. tracho´matis and C. psit´taci. C. trachomatis can cause trachoma, inclusion conjunctivitis, lymphogranuloma venereum, nongonococcal urethritis, and a number of other genital infections. C. psittaci causes psittacosis.

The symptoms of sexually transmitted chlamydial infections may be mild; hence this is sometimes called “the silent STD.” Victims may not be aware they have the disease and may not seek treatment until serious complications and unwitting transmission to other persons have occurred. Males who have symptoms usually have painful urination and a watery discharge from the penis. Women may suffer itching and burning in the genital area, an odorless, thick, yellow-white vaginal discharge, dull abdominal pain, and bleeding between menstrual periods. C. trachomatis causes about half of all pelvic inflammatory disease. Symptoms can appear from a week to five weeks after exposure to the bacteria, during which time almost all sexual contacts become infected.

Chlamydial infection during pregnancy can increase the risk of stillbirth or premature birth. The newborn is at risk for infection from its mother and may suffer from inclusion conjunctivitis. Chlamydial infection can also lead to pneumonia some weeks after birth, probably because of infectious material from the eye draining through the nasolacrimal ducts and being aspirated into the lungs.

Chlamydial infection is usually treated with an antibiotic; effective single antibiotic therapy is available. It is essential that condoms be used during sexual intercourse throughout the treatment period to prevent reinfection, and condom use is usually recommended for 3 to 6 months after treatment. As with all sexually transmitted diseases, both partners should be treated at the same time to prevent reinfection. If left untreated, chlamydial infection can cause scarring in the fallopian tubes and lead to infertility and tubal pregnancies. In the male, nongonococcal urethritis due to chlamydiae may lead to epididymitis and sterility.

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has drawn up guidelines that strongly recommend routine screening for Chlamydia infections for all sexually active women ages 25 and younger in order to insure detection. Printed copies of the Guidelines are available online through the National Guideline Clearinghouse at http://www.guideline.gov. They can also be obtained from the AHRQ Publications Clearinghouse by calling 1-800-358-9295.

chlamydia

 [klah-mid´e-ah]
any member of the genus Chlamydia.

Chlamydia

(kla-mid'ē-ă),
One of three genera in the family Chlamydiaceae, Chlamydia muridarum, the cause of pneumonitis; Chlamydia suis; and Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia are obligatory intracellular spheric or ovoid bacteria with a complex intracellular life cycle; the infective form is the elementary body, which penetrates the host cell, replicating as the rediculate body by binary fission; replication occurs in a vacuole called the inclusion body; lack peptidoglycan in cell walls; type species in Chlamydia trachomitis. Formerly called Betsonia.
Synonym(s): Chlamydozoon
[G. chlamys, cloak]

chla·myd·i·a

, pl.

chla·myd·i·ae

(kla-mid'ē-ă, -mid'ē-ē),
A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the genus Chlamydia.

chlamydia

(klə-mĭd′ē-ə)
n. pl. chlamyd·iae (-ē-ē′)
1. Any of various gram-negative, coccoid bacteria of the genus Chlamydia, especially C. psittaci and C. trachomatis, that are pathogenic to humans and other animals, causing infections such as conjunctivitis in cattle and sheep and trachoma, urethritis, and pneumonia in humans.
2. Any of several common, often asymptomatic, sexually transmitted diseases caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.

chla·myd′i·al adj.

Chla·myd·i·a

(klă-mid'ē-ă)
One of three genera in the family Chlamydiaceae; includes Chlamydia muridarum, the cause of pneumonitis in mice, C. suis, and C. trachomatis, the type species. Chlamydiae are obligatory intracellular spheric or ovoid bacteria with a complex intracellular life cycle; the infective form is the elementary body, which penetrates the host cell, replicating as the reticulate body by binary fission. Replication occurs in a vacuole called the inclusion body. Chlamydiae lack peptidoglycan in their cell walls. Formerly called Bedsonia.

chla·myd·i·a

, pl. chlamydiae (klă-mid'ē-ă, -ē)
A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the bacterial genus Chlamydia.

Chlamydia,

A genus of small, non-motile, GRAM NEGATIVE bacteria that occupy cells and were thus once thought to be viruses. They carry both DNA and RNA and multiply by binary fission. They can be destroyed by tetracycline antibiotics.

Chlamydia

Gram-negative BACTERIA (see GRAM'S STAIN) that are OBLIGATE INTRACELLULAR PARASITES of man and other animals. They can only reproduce (see REPRODUCTION) within a host CELL. They are smaller than some of the largest VIRUSES. They are COCCOID, about 0.2–1.5 μm in size and can be transmitted by interpersonal contact or by respiratory routes. Chlamydia trachomatis causes trachoma, a common cause of blindness in humans.
expected ratioobserved nos (o values)expected nos (E values)(o-e)(o-e)2(o-e)2/e
red 3 82 75 7 49 0.65
white 1 18 25 7 49 1.96
100 100 χ2=2.61

Chlamydia

One of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. It causes discharge, inflammation and burning during urination. About half of the cases of nongonococcal urethritis are due to chlamydia.

Chla·myd·i·a

(klă-mid'ē-ă)
Obligatory intracellular spheric or ovoid pathogenic bacteria with a complex intracellular life cycle; infective form is the elementary body, which penetrates the host cell, replicating as the rediculate body by binary fission.

Patient discussion about Chlamydia

Q. How do I know if I'm infected by chlamydia?

A. i had this a long time ago,i got it when i was stationed over seas,i had painful urinations,had a puss like discharge,and sores on the penis.i always had discharge stains in my underwear.

Q. after takeing a 1g. dose of zithromax how long do u have to wait to have sex for clamydia i havent been diagnosed yet but to be on the safe side they gave me a 1g. z-pack just in case getting tested in two days but i wanted to see a girl this weekend and sleep with a girl should i wait

A. you need to wait till the doctor says its ok,i would wait 30 days just too be safe.

More discussions about Chlamydia
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the CDC, rates of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhea climbed in 2017 for the fourth consecutive year in the US.
Because chlamydia is often symptomless, most women are unaware of their infection unless they have been screened using a diagnostic test.
People under 25 who are sexually active are advised to get tested for chlamydia every year since it particularly affects men and women under the age of 25.
We hope to do the same with chlamydia and, in the long term, combine the two vaccines."
Speaking about it, lead author Emmanuel Ho said, "As antibiotic resistance continues to develop, people may experience Chlamydia infections that cannot be treated through conventional means, which is causing increasing public health challenges."
Sampling for gonorrhea and chlamydia were mostly from urogenital sites (86.6%), 6.6% were extragenital, and 6.8% were "other." Nearly all (98.5%) of 23,492 chlamydia tests and 95.7% of 23,324 gonorrhea tests used nucleic acid amplification, Dr.
So how does this relate to the deadly chlamydia? Turns out, Chlamydia shouldn't be deadly.
The research team also used Medicaid and Medicare data to determine who had HIV infection in 2010 and to see which HIV-positive people got tested for three bacterial STIs in 2010: syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea.
"Chlamydia will be an important point of study here, both because of the frequency of this infection, and because it is quite difficult to detect, due to its asymptomatic nature.
Asthma, arthritis, cerebrovascular disease, carotid atherosclerosis, age-related macular degeneration, and abortion can also be induced by Chlamydia spp.[1],[2],[3],[5],[42]
(2) Only 40 percent of sexually active women aged 15 to 21 reported having had a chlamydia test in the past 12 months.
Specifically, researchers found that before the guideline change, nearly 62 percent of chlamydia screens were concurrent with a Pap smear.