Child with Disability

A child with mental retardation, hearing impairments—e.g., deafness—speech or language impairments, visual impairments—e.g., blindness—serious emotional disturbance, orthopeadic impairments, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health impairments, or specific learning disabilities; and who, by reason thereof, needs special education and related services
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1997; Patterson, 1991), whereas other studies have suggested an adverse effect of having a child with disability (Florian & Findler, 2001).
Research focusing on the influence a child with disability has on the marital relationship is contradictory (Dale, 1996; Seligman & Darling, 2007).
Initially, researchers' working hypothesis was that the presence of a child with disability would have destructive consequences on the marriage.
Research data suggest that the presence of a child with disability does not always have a destructive effect on the marital relationship (Seligman & Darling, 2007).
Furthermore, it has been suggested (Callias, 1989), that in families with a greater frequency of marital dysfunction it is not clear whether this is due to stress imposed by the upbringing of the child with disability or to the quality of the marital relationship prior to the birth of the child.
While there is a general impression that parents who have a child with disability are more likely to split up than parents of children without disability, there has been limited research in this area and it is inconclusive (Havens, 2005).
Although there are some research findings related to Greek family and marriage (Georgas, 1999; Hainds, 2000; Maratou-Alipranti, 1995), there has been limited research work done on the marital relationship in a family raising a child with disability.
Marital roles: By definition, a family with a child with disability is faced with more stressors compared to a family with children without disability.
This will help specialists to work with couples aiming to find the appropriate strategies that help families adapt to or cope with the experiences of raising a child with disability.
Studies in the United Kingdom and the United States demonstrate that the economic cost of raising a child with disability is significantly greater than raising a child without disability (Dobson & Middleton, 1998; Parish, Rose, Grinstein-Weiss, Richman & Andrews, 2008).
Further, changes in social networks often follow the birth or diagnosis of a child with disability.
In one study, a mother of a child with disability referred to her experiences as characterised by 'constant grief' (Gray, 2003, p.

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