Cheyne-Stokes breathing

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Cheyne-Stokes breathing: central sleep apnea, Kussmaul's breathing, Biot's breathing

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

A clinical form of recurrent apnoea seen in patients with neurologic and heart disease, which is characterised by regular volleys of apnoea followed by regular “crescendo-decrescendo” fluctuations in respiratory rate and tidal volume (hypoventilation or hyperventilation).

Increased arterial PCO2, sedatives, opiates. It is more common during sleep and at high altitudes, and seen in comas secondary to cerebrovascular accidents and severe neurologic insults.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cheyne-Stokes breathing

Internal medicine A form of recurrent apnea seen in Pts with neurologic and heart disease, characterized by regular volleys of apnea followed by regular 'crescendo-decrescendo' fluctuations in respiratory rate and tidal volume, punctuated by periodic apnea, hypo- or hyperventilation; CSB is triggered by ↑ arterial PCO2, sedatives, opiates; it is more common during sleep and at high altitudes, and seen in comas 2º to a severe neurologic insult. Cf Biot breathing.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


The act of inhaling and exhaling air. See: chest; respiration

abdominodiaphragmatic breathing

A controlled method of breathing in which the diaphragm is used for inspiration and the abdominal muscles for expiration. This technique improves exertional dyspnea, esp. in patients with chronic pulmonary disease. Synonym: diaphragmatic breathing

apneustic breathing

An abnormal breathing pattern marked by prolonged inspiration followed by an inspiratory pause. This is usually associated with brainstem injuries.

assisted breathing

Any technique that improves respiration. Such breathing includes the provision of supplemental oxygen, bag-valve-mask ventilation, noninvasive ventilation, mechanical ventilation, and mouth-to-mouth ventilation.

asthmatic breathing

Harsh breathing with prolonged wheezing heard throughout expiration.

ataxic breathing

An irregular, uncoordinated breathing pattern common in infants.

belly breathing

Abdominal respiration.

Biot breathing

See: Biot breathing

bronchial breathing

Bronchial sounds.

Cheyne-Stokes breathing

See: Cheyne-Stokes respiration

continuous positive-pressure breathing

A method of mechanically assisted pulmonary inflation. A device administers air or oxygen to the lungs under a continuous pressure that is always greater than zero.
Synonym: continuous positive-pressure ventilation

diaphragmatic breathing

Abdominodiaphragmatic breathing.

frog breathing

A respiratory pattern in which the air in the mouth and pharynx is forced into the lungs by gulping and swallowing it. This may be observed in patients whose respiratory muscles are weak or paralyzed.

glossopharyngeal breathing

A technique of breathing in which the patient with inspiratory muscle weakness increases the volume of air breathed in by taking several gulps of air, closing the mouth, and forcing air into the lungs.

high-altitude periodic breathing

Brief episodes of central apnea that occur in hypoxemic environments, esp. in elevations that are 13,000 ft or more above sea level.

inspiratory resistive breathing

Inspiration with an added workload to increase the strength and endurance of the inspiratory muscles.

intermittent positive-pressure breathing

Abbreviation: IPPB
A mechanical method for assisting pulmonary ventilation with a device that administers air or oxygen for the inflation of the lungs under positive pressure. Exhalation is usually passive.
Synonym: intermittent positive-pressure ventilation

Kussmaul breathing

See: Kussmaul, Adolph

mouth breathing

Inhaling and exhaling through the oral cavity instead of the nose. It occurs in people who have abnormal facial bone structure, as well as in individuals with nasal or sinus congestion. It has been associated with and may cause developmental abnormalities of the facial structure, esp. elongation of the facial bones.

periodic breathing

An irregular respiratory pattern marked by alternating periods of rapid and slow respirations and by apneic periods lasting 15 sec or less. It is a commonly observed breathing pattern in neonates and infants and in some individuals having sleep apnea.

pursed-lip breathing

An expiratory maneuver in which the patient exhales through puckered lips to slow expiratory flow and to create slight back pressure. This action may prevent premature closure of intrapulmonary airways, esp. in the patient with chronic obstructive lung disease.

shallow breathing

Breathing in which the volume of inspired and expired air is diminished (e.g., 200 ml per breath in adults). It is common in elderly patients, patients with rib or pleural pain, or restrictive lung diseases.

yogic breathing

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners


John, Scottish physician, 1777-1836.
Cheyne nystagmus
Cheyne-Stokes breathing - Synonym(s): Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Cheyne-Stokes psychosis - a mental state characterized by anxiety and restlessness, accompanying Cheyne-Stokes respiration.
Cheyne-Stokes respiration - the pattern of breathing characteristically seen in coma. Synonym(s): Cheyne-Stokes breathing


William, Irish physician, 1804-1878.
Adams-Stokes disease - Synonym(s): Adams-Stokes syndrome
Adams-Stokes syncope - see under Adams, Robert
Adams-Stokes syndrome - see under Adams, Robert
Cheyne-Stokes breathing - Synonym(s): Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Cheyne-Stokes psychosis - see under Cheyne
Cheyne-Stokes respiration - see under Cheyne
Morgagni-Adams-Stokes syndrome - Synonym(s): Adams-Stokes syndrome
Stokes law - a muscle lying above an inflamed mucous or serous membrane is frequently the seat of paralysis.
Stokes-Adams disease - Synonym(s): Adams-Stokes syndrome
Stokes-Adams syndrome - Synonym(s): Adams-Stokes syndrome
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012