chest compression

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chest compression

Abbreviation: CC
Forcible depression of the thorax during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This technique is used to circulate the blood of a patient whose heart is no longer beating effectively enough to sustain life.

Patient care

Effective chest compressions in an adult should depress the sternum by 1.5–2 in (4–5 cm). In a child or infant, the sternum should be depressed by the rescuer to a depth of about 1/2 to 1/3 the depth of the chest.

See also: compression


see thorax, thoracic, flail chest.

chest compression
a means of external cardiac massage; most likely to be effective in small dogs and cats, but very difficult in large animals.
chest wound
common in horses and cattle, damage to the underlying chest wall with communication to the pleural cavity and pneumothorax is the main danger.
References in periodicals archive ?
It has a ventilator that is meant to be used in conjunction with chest compression (Figure 1a) (Michigan Instruments, USA).
Although the patient was treated by successful PCI during continuous mechanical chest compressions and the heart fully recovered under the ECMO and IABP support, serious hypoxic brain injury had caused a poor outcome.
Regarding the chest compression depth, the five cycles of chest compressions were deemed effective when >80% of all compressions were of the correct depth.
C-A-B instead of A-B-C: Initiate chest compressions before giving rescue breaths
The new recommendations also call for an increase in the rate of chest compressions, to at least 100/minute.
Radionuclide imaging studies during CPR have indicated that chest compressions produce only 27% to 32% of adult average resting cardiac output.
Measuring the full length of each chest compression stroke gives the medical instructor more detailed data on the blood flow induced.
Chest compressions should take priority even over defibrillation, he added.
Therefore, the new guidelines recommend that the general public instead look for normal breathing, movement, response to stimulation and other signs of circulation when deciding whether to begin chest compressions.
On the basis of computer randomization, the dispatcher provided instructions for traditional CPR or chest compressions alone.
External chest compressions provide artificial circulation.