chemical warfare

(redirected from Chemical attack)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
The use of chemicals as a weapon of mass destruction, deployed as gases; the tremendous morbidity caused by such weapons in World War I—killing or injuring roughly 1.3 million soldiers—led to their ban under the ‘Geneva Protocol’ of 1925
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

chemical warfare

Waging war with toxic chemical agents. Agents include nerve gases; agents that cause temporary blindness, paralysis, hallucinations, or deafness; irritants to the eyes and lungs; blistering agents, e.g., mustard gas; defoliants; and herbicides.

Patient care

Victims of a chemical exposure or attack require decontamination, ideally on site as rapidly as possible by specially equipped and trained Emergency Medical Services (EMS)/fire personnel or hospital-based health care professionals. Decontamination includes isolation of the victim, preferably outdoors or in a sealed, specially ventilated room; removal of all of the victim's clothing and jewelry; protection of any part of the victim's body that has not been exposed to toxins; repeated irrigation and flushing of exposed skin with water (a dilute wound-cleansing solution, such as Dakin’s solution, may be used on skin but not on the eyes or within penetrating wounds); additional irrigation of wounded skin with sterile solution (typically for about 10 min longer than the irrigation of intact skin); irrigation of the eyes with saline solution (about 15 min); cleansing beneath the surface of exposed fingernails or toenails; and collection and disposal of effluent and contaminated clothing. To avoid secondary injuries and exposures, trained personnel who carry out decontamination must wear chemical masks with a filtered respirator, self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA), and splash-resistant protective clothing that covers all skin and body surfaces and is impervious to all chemicals. Following decontamination, victims require triage and treatment.

Treatments for chemical exposures include both supportive care (such as the administration of oxygen, intravenous fluids, analgesics, topical remedies, and psychosocial support) and the administration of antidotes or chemical antagonists such as physostigmine. Details of the treatment for most specific exposures may be found in references such as the National Library of Medicine’s website: www.sis.nlm.nih.gov/Tox/ChemWar.html. See: biological warfare.

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
[U.S.A.], June 28 ( ANI ): A White House warning to Syria against another chemical attack is also directed at Russia and Iran, Damascus' principal international backers, U.S.
Immediately after the purported incident, Moscow dispatched its chemical corps commission to inspect the site and determine whether there had been an actual chemical attack; the expert group, however, found no traces of chemical agents in Ghouta.
The Russian Defense Ministry announced several weeks ago that terrorists, deployed n Jisr al-Shughour in Western Idlib, were filming nine video clips of a fake chemical attack with cooperation of American and regional networks to raise allegation against Damascus forces and pave the ground for fresh raids on Syria's soil.
Sputnik further said that the terrorists did not allow civilians in Idlib to travel to Northern Hama and al-Ghaab Plain, claiming that they are military zones, adding that the terrorists will target the Syrian Army positions after Friday Prayers to force them to react and then they will stage their fake chemical attack and will make a video of rescuing people in the scene of fake gas attack.
The Arabic-language service of Sputnik news agency quoted informed sources in Idlib as saying on Thursday that the terrorist groups have prepared several scenes for false-flag chemical attacks in different regions, including Sahl al-Qab, Northern Hama and Jisr al-Shughour.
During the Iraq-Iran war, Iraq's dictator Saddam Hussein waged several chemical attacks on Iran's cities, leaving behind many victims who are still suffering after decades.
In preparation for the Idlib offensive, Russian propaganda outlets have officially accused the White Helmets, al Qaeda, and/or Ahrar al-Sham of coordinating a chemical attack that would justify an anti-Assad military intervention from the U.S.
We have known for some time that the anti-Assad groups had chemical weapons and that fraudulent "chemical attacks" had taken place in order to bring western reprisals against the Syrian regime.
PARIS: France urged the Syrian regime and its ally Moscow on Friday to grant weapons inspectors immediate access to the site of an alleged chemical attack, accusing them of "obstruction" aimed at eroding the quality of the evidence.
INTERNATIONAL inspectors have entered the Syrian town where an alleged chemical attack was carried out earlier this month, following delays by Syrian and Russian authorities.
According to Vladimir Putin, the United States used a staged chemical attack against civilians to carry out a strike.
As reported by China's state media Xinhua China's UN representative Ma Zhaoxu said that the current situation in Syria is perilous in a UN Security Council meeting called by Russia to discuss the on-going Syria war and the recent chemical attack in the region.

Full browser ?