Charcot-Leyden crystals

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Related to Charcot-Leyden crystals: Charcot triad, asthma crystals

Char·cot-Ley·den crys·tals

(shahr'kō lī'dĕn),
crystals in the shape of elongated double pyramids, formed from eosinophils, found in the sputum in bronchial asthma and in other exudates or transudates containing eosinophils.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Char·cot-Ley·den crys·tals

(shahr-kō' lī'dĕn kris'tălz)
Crystals in the shape of elongated double pyramids, formed from eosinophils, found in the sputum in bronchial asthma.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


Jean Martin, French neurologist, 1825-1893.
Charcot arteries - any one of a variety of small cerebral arteries. Synonym(s): lenticulostriate arteries
Charcot arthritis
Charcot arthropathy
Charcot bath - for patients with arterial disorders.
Charcot change
Charcot disease - Synonym(s): Lou Gehrig disease
Charcot fever - Synonym(s): Charcot intermittent fever
Charcot gait - the gait of hereditary ataxia.
Charcot intermittent fever - fever, chills, right upper quadrant pain, and jaundice associated with intermittently obstructing common duct stones. Synonym(s): Charcot fever
Charcot joint - a neuropathic arthropathy that occurs with tabes dorsalis (tabetic neurosyphilis). Synonym(s): tabetic arthropathy
Charcot laryngeal vertigo - fainting as a result of a coughing spell, most often occurring in heavy-set male smokers with chronic bronchitis. Synonym(s): Charcot vertigo; tussive syncope
Charcot spine
Charcot syndrome - a condition caused by ischemia of the muscles. Synonym(s): intermittent claudication
Charcot triad - (1) in multiple (disseminated) sclerosis, the three symptoms: nystagmus, tremor, and scanning speech; - (2) combination of jaundice, fever, and upper abdominal pain that occurs as a result of cholangitis.
Charcot vertigo - Synonym(s): Charcot laryngeal vertigo
Charcot-Böttcher crystalloids - spindle-shaped crystalloids found in human Sertoli cells.
Charcot-Leyden crystals - crystals found in the sputum in bronchial asthma. Synonym(s): asthma crystals; Charcot-Neumann crystals; Charcot-Robin crystals; Leyden crystals
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease - a group of three familial peripheral neuromuscular disorders, sharing the common feature of marked wasting of the more distal extremities. Synonym(s): peroneal muscular atrophy; Tooth disease
Charcot-Neumann crystals - Synonym(s): Charcot-Leyden crystals
Charcot-Robin crystals - Synonym(s): Charcot-Leyden crystals
Charcot-Weiss-Baker syndrome - stimulation of a hyperactive carotid sinus, causing a marked fall in blood pressure. Synonym(s): carotid sinus syndrome
Charcot-Wilbrand syndrome - inability to recognize objects by sight, usually caused by bilateral parieto-occipital lesions.
Erb-Charcot disease - see under Erb


Ernst V. von, German physician, 1832-1910.
Charcot-Leyden crystals - see under Charcot
Leyden ataxia - Synonym(s): Westphal-Leyden syndrome
Leyden crystals - Synonym(s): Charcot-Leyden crystals
Leyden disease
Leyden-Möbius muscular dystrophy - Synonym(s): limb-girdle muscular dystrophy
Leyden neuritis - fatty degeneration of the fibers of the affected nerve.
Westphal-Leyden syndrome - see under Westphal
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
When eosinophils are recruited to an inflamed site, they are observed to contain autocrystallizing Charcot-Leyden crystal protein, also named galectin-10.
The persistence of symptoms, required taking a second sample where isolating the fungus and visualizing fungal structures in the direct examination and the histopathology permitted establishing the diagnosis ofnon-invasive fungal sinusitis since allergic mucin with Charcot-Leyden crystals were not observed, nor significant eosinophilia, or tissue or vascular invasion (4).
Charcot-Leyden crystals consist of a 13 000-molecular weight acidic protein whose amino acid composition distinguished it from the 9300-molecular weight major basic protein, the principal constituent of eosinophil large granules; this protein is identical to lysophospholipase (3) and is stained by basic fuchsin in the Ziehl-Neelsen method.
Circulating Charcot-Leyden crystals in the hypereosinophilic syndrome.
The minor criteria include asthma, unilateral predominance, radiographic bone erosion, fungal culture, Charcot-Leyden crystals, and serum eosinophilia.
Presence of Charcot-Leyden crystals may offer a clue in acute phase biopsies.
Charcot-Leyden crystals (CLCs) are accepted as a morphologic hallmark of eosinophil-related disease in which there is active eosinophilic inflammation or proliferation.
Formation of Charcot-Leyden crystals in human eosinophils and basophils and study of the composition of isolated crystals.
Acute granulocytic leukemia may contain a variety of intracellular inclusions, including Auer rods, hexagonal or light green crystals, pseudo--Chediak-Higashi granules, Charcot-Leyden crystals, and other unclassified inclusions.

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