chaperonin

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Related to Chaparonin: GroEL

chaperonin

(shap-ĕr-ō'nin),
A molecular complex composed of multiple heat shock protein subunits that assemble into double ring structures. Chaperonins function within the cytoplasm to refold damaged proteins.
See also: heat shock proteins.
[chaperon + -in]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

chaperonin

(shăp′ə-rō′nĭn)
n.
Any of a family of large chaperone proteins that function chiefly to assist in the folding of newly synthesized proteins.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Any of a group of 60 kD cytosolic chaperone proteins—e.g., heat shock protein 60, hsp60, GroEL—found in prokaryotes, the equivalent of the eukaryotic hsp60, mitochondria and plastids; chaparonins use energy from ATP hydrolysis to maintain proteins in the necessary folded configuration for proper function, thus having ‘foldase’ activity; other postulated roles for chaperonins include protein transport, oligomer assembly, DNA replication, mRNA turnover, and protection of the cell from various stresses; some chaperonins have auto-foldase activities
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
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