rauwolfia

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rauwolfia

 [raw-wol´fe-ah]
1. any member of the genus Rauwolfia, tropical trees and shrubs.
2. the dried root, or extract of the dried root, of one of these plants.
rauwolfia serpenti´na the dried root of Rauwolfia serpentina, sometimes with fragments of rhizome and other parts, used as an antihypertensive agent.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Rauwolfia

(row-wūl'fē-ă, raw-, rah-),
A genus of tropical trees and shrubs (family Apocynaceae). The powdered whole root of Rauwolfia serpentina contains alkaloids that produce a sedative-antihypertensive-bradycardiac action; approximately 50% of the total activity is due to reserpine.
[L. Rauwolf, German botanist, 16th century]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

rauwolfia

Herbal medicine
A plant native to India that contains reserpine, an alkaloid. Rauwolfia is antipyretic and emmenagogic; it has been used as an ayurvedic herbal medicine for depression, diarrhoea, colic in infants and hypertension. It has also been used as an antidote to snake poison. 

Toxicity
Abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, oedema, hypotension, sedation, coma, possibly death.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

rauwolfia

Dried extracts from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina that contains the alkaloid RESERPINE, a sedative and tranquilizing drug that also lowers blood pressure.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Chandrika decided to become a play therapist after working with children with special needs in a Chinese orphanage.
Today, 35-year-old Chandrika is still a long way from making her first million, but her couture wedding dress company is booming.
After Chandrika's birth Sathya worked part-time in family planning.
Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga has called for help from the international community in dealing with the aftermath of the tsunami, which is feared to have killed 6,000 people in Sri Lanka.
President Chandrika Kumaratunga fired the defence, interior and information ministers - who had helped spearhead peace efforts with the Tamil Tiger rebels - and took control of those ministries, saying it was necessary for the security of the country.
Ishaan Naseeruddin Shah Jaggu Jackie Shroff Chandrika Juhi Chawla Nagya Nagesh Kukunoor Mohan Kumar Gulshan Grover Gaulam Bannerjee Seenu Nageraj Malli Aditya Lakha (Hindi, English dialogue)
The other best-in-category awards went to Sita Chandrika Palepu, 17, of James Madison High School in Vienna, Va., in the behavioral and social sciences; Samuel James Amberson Howell, 16, of Saginaw Arts and Sciences Academy in Michigan in biochemistry; Brian Lee Fisher, 17, of Mandan High School in North Dakota in botany; Denis Alexandrovich Malyshev, 16, of Moscow Chemical Lyceum in Russia in chemistry; Ryan Karnik, 16, of Oregon Episcopal School in Portland in engineering; Katherine Douglas Van Schaik, 16, of Spring valley High School in Columbia, S.C., in the environmental sciences; Jarryd Brandon Levine, 17, of Paul D.
Catholics led by Fernando and residents of other religions had opposed the 300-megawatt plant construction since President Chandrika Kumaratunga's People's Alliance that led the government announced it in 1997.
The Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga indicated on 15 August that a rebel Tamil Tiger attack on the country's international airport had cost more than USD1bn.
Japanese Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori has sent his condolences on the death of former Sri Lankan premier Sirimavo Bandaranaike to her daughter President Chandrika Kumaratunga, Japan's Ambassador to Sri Lanka Seiichiro Otsuka said Thursday.
President Chandrika Kumaratunga invoked an emergency decree empowering the chief censor to block any organization from reporting news that could affect Sri Lanka's sovereignty and national integrity.
Ratwatte, a relative of President Chandrika Kumaratunga, had entered the race promising to stamp out corruption.