Forceps, originally a secret invention by the Chamberlen
family of male midwives, had become popular, with - by the 1850s - doctors modifying them to make them more comfortable.
The invention of the obstetrical forceps by Peter Chamberlen
meant a physician (usually male) would attend deliveries that required more expertise than the community and family assister could provide (Dunn, 1999).
Forceps were first developed in the 16th Century by the Chamberlen
family, Huguenot surgeons who fled to London from France, and kept their invention under wraps.
At this point, I mention the barber-surgeon Chamberlen
brothers and their surgeon father, Huguenots and natives of Paris, who in 1569 fled France for London in the face of the Roman Catholic onslaught during those same civil wars.
In the 1500s, greedy "man-midwives" in the Chamberlen
family hid their secret forceps design to have an advantage over their competitors for two centuries before their secret was finally revealed.
23, 1914, in Cottage Grove to Alta and Eva Chamberlen
Captain Christopher Chamberlen
said the dream vision of the New Flagship Company would be "a high- profile symbol of modern Britain".
family, inventors of the obstetrical forceps, worked under a drape so as to hide the device and keep the credit.
Capt Christopher Chamberlen
, former Britannia sailing master who is one of the businessmen behind the plan, said: "Eventually No 10 said it was not suitable for taxpayers' money."
I need not to rehearse; but for their idle roguing about the country the law ordaineth this manner of correction."(11) The alternative argument, not voiced until the mid-seventeenth century in any sustained way (with the exception of Thomas More's Utopia), was a humanitarian one, which attributed rising vagrancy to enclosures, unemployment, inflation, and a population explosion.(12) During the Commonwealth years, for instance, Samuel Hartlib and Peter Chamberlen
went so far as to blame poverty and vagabondage on inefficient bureaucratic planning, envisaging labor exchanges similar to modern unemployment offices where "employers, labourers, servants, and apprentices might converge to supply each other's needs."(13)
Beginning with London congregations, and particularly the one regarded as the movement's 'mother church' - the General Baptist congregation at Mill Yard - the book outlines the teaching of its leaders such as William Saller who, along with the court physician, Peter Chamberlen
, and the Fifth Monarchist, John Spittlehouse, provided these London believers with further books to amplify and undergird their teaching.
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