Among the pathogens implicated are species of Exophiala and Chaetomium
. Lipid amphotericin B is the preferred treatment for these seriously ill patients, followed by an azole if the patient stabilizes, but mortality is high, he said.
Among the fungi found indoors were Cladosporium, Curvularia, the Arthrinium/Nigrospora group, the Bipolaris/Drechslera group, and Chaetomium
, while Tetraploa and Leptosphaerulina were detected only in outdoor samples.
"Micro fungi, in general, are not wood-destroying organisms, with the exception of some soft rot species such as Chaetomium
spp that decay the bottoms of posts in the ground," says Jeff May, of J.
Some of these, such as Chaetomium
globosum and Stachybotrys chartarum, require water-saturated substrates.
Although the enzyme has previously been isolated in all groups of all phyla except placental mammals, little work has been done with fungi and fewer studies have been done using Chaetomium
globosum, a species with high UV damage resistance.
The species most likely to develop are Chaetomium
, Paecilomyces, Trichoderma, Aureobasidium, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Cladosporium, Altenaria, Fusarium, and Stachybotrys, but none of these can be identified simply by color or odor.
Surface functionality modification Mold test (adapted ASTM G21-70) (Test done by TNO, Holland) Microorganisms Zone of inhibition (mm) Aspergillus niger 5 Penicillium funiculosum 20 Chaetomium
globosum 5 Aureobasidium pullulans 11 RELATED ARTICLE: Goodyear arms washdown hose with antimicrobial protection
sydowi (Bainier et Sartory) Thom et Church + Chaetomium
olivaceum Cooke et Ellis + + Cladosporium atrospermum Pidopl.
fimeti, and Plectosphaerella cuccumensis.
viridictum present present Aureobasidium present Chaetomium
present Cladosporium present Cunninghamella present Cylindrocarpon Dendrodochium Exophiala present Fusarium avenaceum present F.
Fusarium spp., Nigrospora spp., Curvularia spp., Phytophthora spp., Aspergillus spp., Chaetomium
spp., Acremonium spp., Trichocladium spp.
Jorge, "A novel [alpha]-glucosidase from Chaetomium