cetirizine


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cetirizine

 [sĕ-tir´ĭ-zēn]
a nonsedating antihistamine administered orally in the form of the hydrochloride salt for treatment of allergic rhinitis and chronic hives, and as a treatment adjunct for asthma.

cetirizine

/ce·ti·ri·zine/ (sĕ-tir´ĭ-zēn) a nonsedating antihistamine used as the hydrochloride salt in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, chronic idiopathic urticaria, and asthma.

cetirizine

(sə-tîr′ə-zēn′)
n.
A nonsedating antihistamine, C21H25ClN2O3, used in the form of its hydrochloride to treat allergic rhinitis and other allergic disorders.

cetirizine

an H1-histamine antagonist.
indications It is used to treat allergy symptoms and rhinitis.
contraindications Known hypersensitivity to this drug, lactation, and severe hepatic disease prohibit its use. It also should not be used in newborns or premature infants.
adverse effects Life-threatening effects include hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, agranulocytosis, pancytopenia, and dysrhythmias (rare). Other serious adverse effects include urinary retention, impotence, diarrhea, vomiting, sedation, confusion, blurred vision, tremors, hypotension, palpitations, bradycardia, and tachycardia. Common side effects are thickening of bronchial secretions, nausea, drowsiness, and headache.

cetirizine

Zyrtec® Therapeutics A potent, antiinflammatory H1-receptor antagonist used for respiratory allergies; it has little CNS reactivity or cardiotoxicity and doesn't interact with other medicines. See Antihistamine.

cetirizine

An ANTIHISTAMINE drug used in the treatment of hay fever and other allergic conditions. A brand name is Zirtek Allergy.

antihistamine 

Any substance that reduces the effect of histamine or blocks histamine receptors, usually the histamine 1 (H1) receptor. It is used in the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis and also in the temporary relief of minor allergic symptoms of the eye. Common agents include antazoline sulfate, azelastine hydrochloride, cetirizine, chlorphenamine, emedastine, epinastine hydrochloride, ketotifen, levocabastine, loratadine and olopatadine. See hypersensitivity; mast cell stabilizers.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study stated that Cetirizine is safe, well-tolerated, and may help prevent relapses in NMO.
It was concluded that PG and PEG can be successfully used in combination as permeation enhancers for transdermal delivery of cetirizine HCl.
For instance, a 6-year-old boy taking 5mg cetirizine for 3 days, developed spontaneous deviation of jaw and dysphagia.
During the treatment period, patients were instructed to take a single encapsulated tablet of cetirizine (10 mg; Pfizer Inc.
A double-blind randomised placebo-controlled trial of cetirizine in preventing the onset of asthma in children with atopic dermatitis: 18 months treatment and 18 months post-treatment follow up.
Standard-issue diphenhydramine, loratadine, and cetirizine are all effective in treating your child's allergies no matter what the cause or time of year
While older, generic antihistamines such as diphenhydramine or chlorpheniramine can be sedating, newer, brand-name antihistamines such as loratadine (Claritin) and prescription cetirizine (Zyrtec) do not help quell coughs, says the ACCP.
The second-generation agents--fexofenadine, loratadine, cetirizine, and azelastine were developed in recent years to reduce these side effects.