The drugs that have been shown to contribute to methemoglobinemia include Benzocaine, Cetacaine
and Prilocaine, Celecoxib, Dapsone, EMLA Creams, Flutamide, Nitrates, Nitric Oxide, Nitroglycerin, Sodium Nitroprusside, Sodium Nitrate and Sulfonamides.
For 50 years Cetacaine
topical anesthetic spray has been used for rapid pain control and suppression of the gag reflex.
The ILMA was removed, and supplemental 2% Cetacaine spray was administered orally along with an additional 2 mg of midazolam.
He gargled 2% viscous lidocaine, and his oropharynx was sprayed with 2% Cetacaine.
Cetacaine Hospital Gel, Topical Anesthetic, enjoys a long history of safe use and is nonflammable.
puts the effective pain relief of fast-acting, long-lasting Cetacaine in an easy-to-use gel that stays where it is needed.
Hospital Gel enjoys a long history of safe use and is nonflammable.
, Prilocaine, Lidocaine) and over 30 other therapeutic drugs prevalent in both the hospital and outpatient settings.
has onset within 30 seconds and duration typically lasts 30-60 minutes.
Drugs documented to contribute to methemoglobinemia include benzocaine 3 cetacaine
, prilocaine (the 'caines') (4) and the use of both topical lidocaine and topical benzocaine for bronchoscopy (5).
was utilized as part of the operative protocol with a decline noted in the oxygen saturations within 20 minutes of administration.
Benzocaine sprays are marketed under different brand names such as Hurricaine, Cetacaine
, Exactacain, and Topex (1).