cerebral herniation


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cerebral herniation

The displacement of part of the brain due to a marked ↑ in intracranial pressure, forcing the brain in the direction of least resistance, ie down the foramen magnum Clinical Paralysis, coma, unilateral dilated pupil Etiology Head injury, brain tumors, abscess, bacterial meningitis Types Cerebellar, uncal, transtentorial

cerebral herniation

Downward displacement of the brain (usually as a result of cerebral edema, hematoma, or tumor) into the brainstem. The resulting injury to brainstem functions rapidly leads to coma, nerve palsies, and death if treatment is ineffective.
See also: herniation
References in periodicals archive ?
(19) Finally Pia and Tonnis described the growing skull fracture of childhood to include patients with cysts or cerebral herniation in the fracture.
The clinical significance of intracranial hypertension is that it can disrupt blood flow to the brain tissue and compress vital structures leading to cerebral herniation and death.
Blood ammonia levels above 200 mcg/dL are associated with cerebral herniation.
She underwent additional surgery 12 hour after the initial operation because of cerebral herniation. Despite aggressive treatment in the neurosurgical intensive care unit, her condition continued to deteriorate and she died on the tenth postpartum day.
(2004) found that S100B is sensitive and predictive for forecasting a malignant course in acute stroke heralded by cerebral herniation.
Patients experiencing malignant stroke of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) have a high mortality related to cerebral edema, increased ICP, and subsequent cerebral herniation. Decompressive hemicraniectomy with duraplasty is a surgical option for those experiencing large volume MCA stroke.
RICH occurs in approximately 15% of patients with traumatic brain injury, lf it is not aggressively treated, RICH can result in cerebral herniation and death.