cerebral herniation


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cerebral herniation

The displacement of part of the brain due to a marked ↑ in intracranial pressure, forcing the brain in the direction of least resistance, ie down the foramen magnum Clinical Paralysis, coma, unilateral dilated pupil Etiology Head injury, brain tumors, abscess, bacterial meningitis Types Cerebellar, uncal, transtentorial

cerebral herniation

Downward displacement of the brain (usually as a result of cerebral edema, hematoma, or tumor) into the brainstem. The resulting injury to brainstem functions rapidly leads to coma, nerve palsies, and death if treatment is ineffective.
See also: herniation
References in periodicals archive ?
Cerebral herniation has been reported in 5% of patients with ABM, resulting in mortality in 30% of the cases.
Cerebral herniation during bacterial meningitis in children.
She underwent another surgery 12 hours after the first operation because of cerebral herniation.
She underwent additional surgery 12 hour after the initial operation because of cerebral herniation.
Patients experiencing malignant stroke of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) have a high mortality related to cerebral edema, increased ICP, and subsequent cerebral herniation.
Failure to treat increased ICP could cause cerebral herniation and death.
RICH occurs in approximately 15% of patients with traumatic brain injury, lf it is not aggressively treated, RICH can result in cerebral herniation and death.