Nuclear protein extracts from the cerebellar vermis
, prefrontal cortex, amygdala, and hippocampus were solubilized in a sample buffer (0.125 M Tris base; 4% SDS; 20% v/v glycerol; 0.2 M DTT; 0.02% bromophenol blue, pH 6.8) at a concentration of 10 mg/15 [micro]L per well and boiled for 5 min at 95[degrees]C.
Absence of cerebellar vermis
or hypoplasia of fourth ventricle cerebellar vermis
with upward rotation 2.
Familial agenesis of the cerebellar vermis
, A syndrome of episodic hyperapnea, abnormal eye movements, ataxia and retardation.
(4, 5) Severe hypogenesis to complete agenesis of the cerebellar vermis
is characteristic with midline apposition of the cerebellar hemispheres.
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the frontal lobe and cerebellar vermis
in children with a mood disorder and a familial risk for bipolar disorders.
(1) This appearance is a result of absence or hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis
, lack of normal dorsal decussation and consequent enlargement of the superior cerebellar peduncles which follow a more horizontal course as they extend perpendicularly to the brainstem between the midbrain and the cerebellum.
Sections containing the cerebellar vermis
were collected in cold 0.01 M PBS, mounted onto glass slides, air dried, and cover-slipped using antifade Prolong (Invitrogen) mounting media.
Hydrocephaly, Dandy Walker malformation and cerebellar vermis
hypoplasia (Picture 4) were found on cranial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.
First, PFS is known to occur more commonly when the cerebellar vermis
is either affected by the original tumor or damaged during the resection surgical procedure (Ozgur et al., 2006; Wells et al., 2010).
Brain MRI and stereotactic localization were employed in order to direct the TBS to the cerebellar vermis
. Psychiatric evaluations and comprehensive neuropsychological testing were done before and after TBS, and again 1 week after the final session.
O'Hare and colleagues (2005) examined structural abnormalities in the narrow structure between the right and left hemispheres of the cerebellum (i.e., cerebellar vermis
) of individuals with FASD and tried to evaluate some of the cognitive correlates of vermal dysmorphology (see figure 3).
Seven single voxels, approximately 8 cc in volume, were positioned within the medial frontal gray matter, the left frontal white matter, left parietal white matter, the right temporal lobe at the superior temporal gyrus, the left basal ganglia, left cerebellar hemisphere (gray and white matter), and the cerebellar vermis
, respectively (Figure 1).