cerebellar

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cerebellar

 [ser″ĕ-bel´er]
pertaining to the cerebellum.

cer·e·bel·lar

(ser'e-bel'ar),
Relating to the cerebellum.

cerebellar

/cer·e·bel·lar/ (ser″ĕ-bel´ar) pertaining to the cerebellum.

cerebellar

[ser′əbel′ər]
Etymology: L, cerebellum, small brain
pertaining to the cerebellum.

cer·e·bel·lar

(ser-ĕ-bel'ăr)
Relating to the cerebellum.

Cerebellar

Involving the part of the brain (cerebellum), which controls walking, balance, and coordination.

cerebellar

pertaining to the cerebellum.

cerebellar abiotrophy
occurs in cattle, pigs and dogs. Affected young are normal at birth but at an early age ataxia and signs of cerebellar dysfunction appear, often progressing to complete immobilization. Cerebral function is usually normal. An inherited basis is suspected. In Kerry blue terriers, it is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Called also cerebellar neuronal abiotrophy.
cerebellar agenesis
absence of the cerebellum due to its non-appearance in the embryo.
cerebellar aplasia
see cerebellar atrophy (below).
cerebellar ataxia
the incoordination of gait characterized by exaggerated movements. There is no paresis. There is exaggerated strength and distance of movement—hypermetria. Caused usually by damage to the cerebellum or to the spinocerebellar tracts. May be congenital due to cerebellar atrophy or acquired due to inflammation or malacia of the cerebellum.
cerebellar atrophy
degeneration and loss of cells—Purkinje and granular cells of the cerebellum. Present at birth or soon after, is congenital in sheep, cattle, Arab horses, dogs and cats. Some of the diseases are inherited, some are known to be due to virus infection in utero, e.g. bovine virus diarrhea, feline panleukopenia. Some are in fact abiotrophies, premature aging of tissues. In the latter the animals are normal at birth but develop classical signs later. Segmental atrophy occurs in pigs but is asymptomatic.
cerebellar coning
see cerebellar lipping (below), brain herniation.
cerebellar cortex
the superficial gray matter of the cerebellum.
cerebellar dysfunction
see cerebellar ataxia (above).
cerebellar dysmelinogenesis
recorded in Chow Chow dogs; characterized by congenital head tremor.
feline cerebellar ataxia
see feline panleukopenia.
cerebellar hypomyelinogenesis
abnormally reduced myelination in the cerebellum; characterized clinically by severe neonatal tremor.
cerebellar hypoplasia
deficiency of cells of the cerebellum, the degree and distribution of which is variable. See cerebellar atrophy (above).
inherited cerebellar defects
includes cerebellar abiotrophy, atrophy, agenesis, hypoplasia, neuraxonal dystrophy.
cerebellar lipping
caused by diffuse cerebral edema. The vermis of the cerebellum protrudes through the foramen magnum and lies like a tongue over the medulla.
cerebellar neuronal abiotrophy
see cerebellar abiotrophy (above).
cerebellar neuraxonal dystrophy
reported in collie sheepdogs. The lesion is limited to axons and there are no lesions in the cerebellar folial neurons.
cerebellar syndrome
see cerebellar ataxia (above).

Patient discussion about cerebellar

Q. can you recover after a cerebellar stroke?

A. You can recover after a cerebellar stroke but the process takes time and rehabilitation. With the right kind of rehab people reach great results, supposing of course the initial injury allows it.

More discussions about cerebellar
References in periodicals archive ?
Cranial CT showed bilateral ventriculomegaly (Figure 1), enlarged third ventricle, enlarged fourth ventricle with posterior fossa cyst (Figure 2), and cerebellar hypoplasia (Figure 3), which was consistent with his previous cranial MRI.
E) Brain of neonate 2: symmetric cerebellar hypoplasia (arrows) and vascular congestion.
The brain grossly demonstrated lissencephaly and ventriculomegaly with hydrocephalus of the lateral ventricles and cerebellar hypoplasia.
The objectives of this study were to describe the clinical-pathological findings related to lissencephaly-pachygyria and cerebellar hypoplasia observed in a single calf to establish the differential diagnosis with other diseases of the central nervous systems of young cattle.
Cerebellar hypoplasia can result from exposure to panleukopenia virus itself or from modified live panleukopenia vaccines given to cats during pregnancy or to kittens before 4 weeks of age.
Speech and cognition was delayed in one case with cerebellar hypoplasia with normal motor development.
A syndrome of progressive pancytopenia with microcephaly, cerebellar hypoplasia and growth failure.
Associated abnormalities included hydrocephalus in DWM, corpus callosum agenesis with left inferior cerebellar hypoplasia in 1 case of DWV, and gross communicating hydrocephalus in one case of mega cisterna magna.
Five-year-old Daisy suffers from Cerebellar Hypoplasia, which means the part of her brain that controls her movement and spatial awareness did not fully develop at birth.
The youngster was born with Ponto Cerebellar Hypoplasia and is unable to walk, talk or feed herself.
Apart from the classical triad, additional features include epiphora, blepharitis, premature gray hair, alopecia, developmental delay, short stature, cerebellar hypoplasia, microcephaly, esophageal stenosis, urethral stenosis, pulmonary fibrosis, liver disease, avascular necrosis of hips (AVN) or shoulders, epithelial cancers, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and leukemia.
Neuroimaging (CT and MRI) findings of Mobius syndrome include hypoplasia of the pons or medulla with correspondent CN6 and CN7 hypoplasia, absence of the medial colliculus at the level of the pons, absence of the hypoglossal prominence suggestive of CN12 nuclei hypoplasia, cerebellar hypoplasia, depression of the 4th ventricle, and calcification in the pons in the region of the CN6 nuclei.