Centaurium erythraea

European centaury

Herbal medicine
An annual or biennial that contains alkaloids, bitter principles, glycosides and triterpenes. It is anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, laxative and a digestive tonic, and has been used to treat anaemia, depression, gout, hypertension, kidney stones and rheumatic complaints.

Centaurium erythraea,

n See centaury.
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References in periodicals archive ?
herba Not applicable Centaurium Erythraea Rafn, Not applicable herba Cichorium intybus L.
Green tea demonstrated stronger free radical scavenging activity at lower doses than Centaurium erythraea in vitro (Valentao 2003).
2005, "Liquid culture system for shoot multiplication and secoiridoid production in micropropagated plants of Centaurium erythraea Rafn," Plant Sci.
amp;Acirc; In addition to a powerful trio of Calcium Technology from padina, micro-minerals and enriched water from the a[euro]Zone of Regeneration,a[euro]Y other key ingredients include: Re-Creating Strength * Centaurium Erythraea Extract a[euro]" long used in herbal remedies as a digestive aid and tonic, this particular variety is sourced from France, and used for its antioxidant and anti-irritation benefits to help keep skin firm, supple and youthful-looking.
ventricosa [121] Trachelospermum jasminoides [108, 115] Gentianaceae Centaurium erythraea Raf.
From the few plants investigated with an ethnopharmacological approach, XO inhibitory activities have been found in Centaurium erythraea ([IC.
Antioxidant activity of Centaurium erythraea infusion evidenced by its superoxide radical scavenging and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity.
Bioactivity of secoiridoid glycosides from Centaurium erythraea.
Schimmer O, Mauthner H (1996) Polymethoxylated xanthones from the herb of Centaurium erythraea with strong antimutagenic properties in Salmonella typhimurium.
Valentao P, Areias F, Amaral J, Andrade P, Seabra R (2000) Tetraoxygenated xanthones from Centaurium erythraea.
As part of our on-going search for bioactive compounds from Scottish plants, two secoiridoid glycosides, swertiamarin and sweroside, have been isolated from the aerial parts of Centaurium erythraea Rafn (Family: Gentianaceae) by reversed-phase preparative HPLC coupled with a photo-diode-array detector.
Key words: Centaurium erythraea, Gentianaceae, sweroside, swertiamarin, antibacterial activity, brine shrimp toxicity, DPPH assay