The recruitment of these inflammatory cells and their transendothelial migration is mediated by the cellular adhesion molecules
(CAMs), which are expressed by endothelial cells and circulating leukocytes (monocytes and linfocytes) in response to different inflammatory stimuli (Davies et al., 1993).
The mentioned cellular adhesion molecules
play a crucial role in the migration of leucocytes from the blood to the arterial intima (transendothelial route).
Association of circulating cellular adhesion molecules
with menopausal status and hormone replacement therapy: time-dependent change in transdermal, but not oral estrogen users.
Strategies to inhibit cellular adhesion molecules
. In: Paul, L.C., Issekutz, T.B.
This process is mediated by cellular adhesion molecules
such as sE-selectin, a specific product of endothelial cells.
 Recent studies have examined the role of cellular adhesion molecules
in tumor metastasis, but no correlation was noted in the expression or distribution of various cellular adhesion molecules
by the different histologic subtypes of basal cell carcinoma.
Cytokine-induced expression of cellular adhesion molecules
was measured on primary human coronary artery endothelial cell (HCAEC) cultures.
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and E-, P-, and L-selectin are cellular adhesion molecules
involved in the recruitment of leukocytes on the activated vessel wall during inflammation (1) and play an important role in the early stages of atherosclerosis and its complications (2).
The new research, she says, "has the implication that other cellular adhesion molecules
may well be major receptors for other, much more pathogenic viruses.
Several acute phase reactants, cytokines, and soluble cellular adhesion molecules
have been implicated in this process, with their plasma concentrations increased in a variety of atherosclerotic diseases.
The effects of acute psychological stress on cellular adhesion molecules
. J Psychosom Res 1996;41:49-53.
For example, cytokines stimulate collagen synthesis in smooth muscle cells and promote endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cell activation through the induction of cellular adhesion molecules
. Chemokines and growth factors such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and M-CSF promote monocyte chemotaxis and attachment to the endothelium and support their survival and differentiation into macrophage-derived foam cells.